Acid-base balance

The acid-base balance is a self-regulation of the body that maintains the  metabolism  at a value of 7.4 in the blood. The organism can balance the acid-base balance through the buffer properties of the blood, the tissue, the gas exchange of the lungs and the function of the kidneys. The acid-base balance is controlled by releasing carbon dioxide (CO²). The second important buffer is the excretion of hydrogen carbonate (HCO³) via the kidneys and liver. Hyperacidity  – experts call this acidosis  – or hypoacidity, also known as alkalosis, can lead to a life-threatening situation if left untreated. The so-called blood gas analysis can be used to measure the acid-base balance.

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