An overview of the best types of tea

As early as the Middle Ages, tea was not only a popular drink, but was also often used in medicine due to its healing properties. Along with coffee , traditional types of tea such as black, green or white tea have always been   mankind’s favorite beverages.

But new tea trends, such as  matcha  or mate tea, are also making their way into domestic tea cups and are becoming increasingly popular. We introduce you to the best types of tea and their health benefits.

Classic and traditional teas

There are numerous types and varieties of tea and accordingly many different methods of production. Extraction from the original tea plant (first in China, later also in India) is the oldest form. Depending on the process, the four classic types of tea are created.

These four classic types of tea include:

  • black tea
  • Green tea
  • White tea
  • Oolong

In addition,  yellow tea  and  Pu Erh  are often counted among the classic types of tea. In turn, there are many different varieties of these traditional types, which usually differ in the cultivation area of ​​the respective tea plants.

Because they are extracted from the tea plant, classic teas contain up to 4.5 percent caffeine, which is also known as theine. The difference to the caffeine in coffee lies in the delayed but often more intense effect of tea.

flavored teas

In China, the classic teas have always been flavored by adding fresh flowers (e.g. jasmine). But also in Europe, a wide variety of flavored teas are very popular.

As a rule, value is placed on the addition of natural flavors (e.g. vanilla or cherry) or spices (e.g. aniseed or cinnamon). Thanks to the advanced manufacturing processes, no wish remains unfulfilled.

Hot infusion drinks such as fruit and herbal teas

Another way of tea production is the production of so-called fruit and  herbal teas . These are not obtained from the tea plant, but from mostly native plants, blossoms, fruits, herbs and roots. For this reason, these teas do not contain theine and, strictly speaking, should not actually be called tea.

Examples of such herbal and fruit teas are:

  • Camomile tea
  • Fencheltee
  • mint tea
  • rosehip tea
  • Hibiscus tea

Health aspects of tea

Even before our era, tea, made from the tea plant, was said to have a stimulating and at the same time healing effect in China due to various ingredients. Due to the tannins and secondary plant substances it contains, tea has a digestive and cancer-risk-reducing effect.

Black and green tea also contain caffeine, which can have a stimulating or less stimulating effect depending on how long it has been brewed. Because the longer the tea steeps, the more the stimulating effect decreases due to the binding to tannins.

It should be noted that excessive amounts of caffeine can have negative effects on the body. Possible consequences of caffeine overdose include  heartburndiarrhea , headache, and dizziness.

Black tea: The brewing time is crucial

Black tea is and remains the most popular tea. Whether Darjeeling, Assam, Ceylon or Earl Grey: thanks to its stimulating effect, black tea is a preferred stimulant to wake you up. If it steeps for at least four to five minutes, however, it loses its stimulating effect.

When consumed regularly (about four cups a day), black tea is even considered to lower blood pressure. However, excessive consumption  of the tea has a harmful effect on the stomach lining and can cause headaches and mild  insomnia  .

If the tea is steeped for more than five minutes, even more tannins are released, which cause a bitter taste, but also have an antibacterial and pain-relieving effect, for example in diarrhea. At the same time, the so-called feeling of nausea is suppressed.

Green Tea: Weight Loss Support

Green tea is said to have a healing effect on gum diseases due to the ingredient catechin. This tea also supports the prevention of tooth decay. Green tea is also said to lower cholesterol levels.

Green tea has less caffeine than black tea, but it does have a stimulating effect on the  metabolism . Green tea is therefore a great way to help with weight loss. It also reduces the appetite for sweet foods due to its high bitter content. Well-known varieties include Sencha and Gun-Powder.

Matcha Tea: Concentrated green tea

Matcha tea has its origins in Japan and consists of ground green tea leaves – it is therefore a concentrated form of green tea. Matcha is said to have a particularly health-promoting effect and is considered a real pick-me-up.

Due to the concentrated ingredients, the tea has a  positive effect on the entire metabolism  – it is also used, among other things, to treat hormone disorders. The bright green drink is becoming increasingly popular: many fans also use the powder for cooking and baking.

However, it should not be forgotten that too much caffeine can have adverse health effects. Matcha also has a lot of oxalic acid, which, among other things, promotes the formation of kidney stones.

Fruit and herbal teas: use as medicine

Many fruit and herbal teas were originally made for medicinal and health-promoting purposes only. While fruit teas score with a high vitamin and mineral content, herbal teas convince with a wide variety of healing effects.

Here’s how herbal teas work, for example:

  • appetitanregend
  • digestive
  • antibacterial
  • pain relieving
  • expectorant (for  cough )
  • detoxifying (use in  detox cure ) or
  • dehydrating

Nature gives us countless opportunities here from which we can take advantage.

Mate tea: medicine with a stimulant effect

Obtained from the mate bush, which has its origins in South America, mate tea is by definition not real tea. However, this drink also has a considerable amount of caffeine. By adding essential oils, a full-bodied and pleasant taste is achieved.

The  high vitamin content  of mate tea also promises a health-promoting effect. Tannins promote metabolism and digestion. It is worth knowing that mate tea is approved as a medicinal product in Germany.

Tea: tips on how to prepare it

When preparing tea, always use fresh water that is as soft as possible. The optimal steeping time for teas can vary greatly, but is usually specified by the manufacturers.

The health effects of tea can be enhanced by adding other foods. This includes:

  • Milk The addition of milk to green and black tea reduces the formation of kidney stones because the so-called calcium oxalate (involved in the formation of kidney stones) is dissolved.
  • Honey :  Honey has antibacterial properties and is high in vitamins and minerals. However, honey should only be added to the tea after it has been brewed, as its ingredients can be lost if the water is too hot.
  • Ginger :  Ginger has a circulation-enhancing, appetite-stimulating and pain-relieving effect and also helps against  nausea . Especially in the cold season, ginger promotes the  body’s defenses  and ensures a strengthened  immune system .

tea during pregnancy

According to WHO recommendations, women can safely drink normal amounts (two to three cups a day) of black or green tea during pregnancy. Selected herbal and fruit teas can also have a health-promoting effect and reduce pregnancy symptoms.

It should be noted, however, that excessive drinking of tea with a high proportion of polyphenols (especially fruit teas) can lead to an iron deficiency in the body.

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