Arnica heals external injuries

Even Kneipp praised arnica in the highest tones. The ingredients of the yolk-yellow flowers of the arnica help especially with external injuries.  In the naturopathic literature, you can always find passages in which Pastor Sebastian Kneipp praised the diverse effects of arnica. So it was already a Kneipp classic back then to soak compresses with an arnica tincture and apply it to bruises, bruises or aching muscles. According to Kneipp’s notes, the injuries always healed reliably with the help of arnica.

History of Arnica

Arnica fared like many other medicinal plants. Its effectiveness was known in the Middle Ages, but then it fell more and more into oblivion. Only the farmers grew the plants in their gardens and prepared a tincture from the roots and flowers, which they used for all kinds of inflammatory diseases. When interest in traditional herbal medicine blossomed again in the last century, science also dealt more intensively with arnica. The perennial with the yolk-yellow flowers grows mainly in alpine regions in large parts of Europe. It requires acidic and nutrient-poor locations and therefore thrives particularly well on nutrient-poor grassland, moorland and heathland that is not too dry.

In the summer months, the sunny meadow slopes of the high Alpine region used to be covered in large quantities with the bright yellow flowers. That’s probably where the popular name “mountain welfare rental” comes from. Due to the intensification of agriculture, their natural habitats have been declining more and more in recent decades. Today the arnica has become rare and is on the red list of endangered species. In Germany it is protected and may not be collected.

Arnica pharmaceutical

In the European Pharmacopoeia, the arnica flowers (Arnicae flos) are described as medicinally active components of the plant. Dried whole or broken inflorescences of Arnica montana variety are used for pharmaceutical preparations. For this purpose, the herbaceous plant, which is 40 to 60 centimeters high, is grown in fields. The scientists were able to identify the natural anti-inflammatory helenalin as the main active ingredient. It also has analgesic and antiseptic properties. Cell-protecting  flavonoids  and essential oil complete the active profile of the arnica blossoms.

Arnica flowers are used  externally as a poultice or ointment preparation  . These should not be missing in any medicine chest, because they have proven themselves as first aiders for external injuries of any kind. They allow bruises,  bruises , sprains and contusions to subside more quickly and alleviate rheumatic muscle and joint problems. Arnica tinctures from the pharmacy are suitable for mouthwashes for mouth and gum diseases, which are diluted according to the instructions on the package.  Arnica in various potencies (dilutions) is also a popular remedy in  homeopathy . Their field of application includes all consequences of injuries.

Side Effects of Arnica

Since internally applied Helenalin is toxic and can lead to  diarrhoea , dizziness or dangerous  cardiac arrhythmia  , internal use of arnica preparations is not recommended today – except in homeopathy. As with many other composite plants, allergies , such as  eczema  with blistering, can also occur with arnica after prolonged use  . In this case, a doctor should be consulted. In this context, the intensive research work has paid off: there are now studies with breeds that are free of allergy-causing substances.

 

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