So that the beginning with the baby is successful: tips against small ailments

So that the beginning with the baby is successful: tips against small ailments

The time after the birth is exciting – especially with the first child. And it is common for the “newborn” parents to be particularly concerned. Above all, the “newborn” needs food, love, warmth and lots of physical contact on its way into the world – conditions where most parents can rely on their instincts. And even the little ailments are easy to get under control.

For the soul: a lot of closeness

A moment ago, still in the comfortably warm amniotic fluid, weightless and always listening to the muffled heartbeat of the mother. Now, in a noisy, bright and sometimes cold world. Babies have to deal with that first. To help you with this transition, there is only one thing: lots and lots of body closeness. Babies like to be with them everywhere during the day, preferably in mum’s or dad’s arms or when walking very close to their body, for example, in a carrying strap or sling.

 

A fixed rhythm

In the mother’s womb – that was the entire board and carelessness. Now, the body has to get used to self-sufficiency. The food, for example, no longer flows automatically, and the temperature regulation must first gain momentum. The latter is also why babies must be dressed warmly at the beginning: they cannot yet “maintain” their body temperature and cool down quickly. You can check whether your baby is cold or even too warm in the neck (not on the hands and feet, which are often cold with babies).

Some babies are difficult at first because of the adjustment process; they cry a lot and have difficulty calming down. This is justified by an immaturity of the brain, which means that the baby suffers from too many stimuli. It helps such babies if they have a daily rhythm that is as stable as possible with regular rest breaks (about every 1.5 hours). Parents must ensure that these are observed because not all babies signal that they are tired.

When the baby sleeps, it shouldn’t be startled by loud noises (it’s better to turn off the phone, for example). Many babies do well when wrapped tightly in a blanket to soothe them. This limitation reminds them of the security of the uterus and gives them support and security.

What to do if you have a stomach ache

Stomachache: The gastrointestinal tract of most small babies is still immature. Symptoms are common, especially in the first three months (called three-month colic  ). As a rule, the crying increases towards the evening, and the child can hardly be calmed down. Babies have usually swallowed too much air while drinking and are now suffering from flatulence. Therefore, ensure the child drinks calmly and burps extensively as a preventive measure. As a breastfeeding mother, avoid eating foods that cause flatulence and drink caraway or fennel tea regularly.

Heat is helpful against stomach aches. Place a warm (not hot!) cherry stone bag on your baby’s stomach, or massage his stomach clockwise with warm caraway oil. It often helps to carry the baby in the so-called flying position. The baby is lying on her forearm with her tummy. Some babies do well when wrapped in a blanket or held tightly.

 

What to do if you have diarrhea

The most common cause is gastrointestinal catarrh. Diarrhoea is not without risk in infants, as they cannot compensate for fluid losses as quickly and dehydrate easily. You should, therefore, not wait longer than 6 hours to see a doctor; if vomiting occurs in addition to diarrhoea, you should see a doctor immediately.

Signs of dehydration are dryness of the mouth, tongue and mucous membranes. The infant’s skin appears slack; it is usually restless and difficult to soothe; when in pain, he draws his legs to his body. The doctor usually prescribes electrolyte solutions to balance the mineral balance. Breastfed babies can continue to be breastfed if they ask for it, but you should consult your doctor if you have been bottle-fed.

What to do if you vomit

The baby also loses a lot of fluid when vomiting. Therefore, always offer your child something to drink. If the baby vomits two meals in a row or also has a fever or abdominal pain, you should consult a doctor immediately. Even if the child cannot keep any liquid down (even the most minor amounts), a doctor’s visit is necessary immediately.

What to do if you have a fever

Babies get a fever quickly – especially when they have a cold. Fever can also have many other reasons. That is why a fever above 38.5 degrees Celsius that lasts longer than a day in babies up to 6 months is always a reason to see a doctor. At this age, they can lose a lot of water and electrolytes through heavy sweating . Because they usually have no appetite and do not want to drink anything, the loss of fluids may not be compensated for quickly enough. Means of choice for treatment are calf wraps and medication (usually suppositories with the active ingredient paracetamol ).

Necessary: The calf wraps may only be put on when the temperature is above 39 degrees Celsius, and the legs are noticeably hot; otherwise, there is a risk of circulatory collapse. Give baby plenty to drink, dress lightly (if feeling hot) or warmer (if feeling cold), and provide fresh air.

 

What to do with newborn acne?

It can appear immediately after birth or up to four weeks afterwards. Triggers are the hormones passed on through the placenta by the mother. The bumps that appear on the forehead and cheeks are harmless and will disappear on their own within weeks. Swabbing with breast milk can help in healing. To avoid inflammation, please do not express!

What do you do if you have an earache?

The reason is usually a middle ear infection. It often occurs in infants when an infection of the nasopharynx occurs. The baby is restless and irritable, drinks poorly, and may have diarrhoea and fever. Some babies shake their heads and keep grabbing their ears.

You should always see a doctor if you suspect a middle ear infection. To help yourself, you can use decongestant nose drops (no ear drops, as they don’t get deep enough into the inner ear), red light and heat (e.g. place the child’s ear on a warm hot-water bottle). Putting a bag of finely chopped onions on the ear is very effective. The doctor usually prescribes nose drops, antibiotics, suppositories, or juices for the pain.

What to do if you have trouble sleeping?

Just the calm. In the first month, the baby usually cannot go without food for 2-4 hours. In addition, it cannot distinguish between day and night. It is, therefore, utterly ordinary if it regularly announces its needs during the day and at night. When a baby cries at this age, it is either hungry, has a stomach ache, or longs for physical closeness. If these needs are satisfied and the baby continues to cry, it will no longer be able to fall asleep on its own. Then rhythmic rocking, carrying or stroking can help.

 

What to do with hiccups

Very common and harmless in babies. It usually occurs when the tummy is uncovered when changing diapers and evaporative cooling occurs. At this age, a gentle pat on the back, warm tea or a warm cherry pit bag on the stomach helps.

What about a cold?

Because babies breathe through their noses, a cold can be a real pain in the ass. Of course, drinking doesn’t work as well if the child has to breathe through the mouth instead. Special baby nose drops may be necessary if the nose is severely blocked. Since these dry out the mucous membranes long-term, they should only be given for a few days. If your baby keeps its head still, you can try to suck out the mucus with a nasal pump (caution: risk of injury!).

Since the common cold is usually a viral infection, only the symptoms can be treated. Lots of fresh air and hanging up damp towels in the bedroom – these basic measures help most babies a lot. Drops containing common salt are also helpful and can be used longer without hesitation.

What to do if you spit

“Spit babies are thriving babies.” there is something to this saying. But mainly because they thrive “nevertheless”. In any case, spitting is not the same as vomiting. Only small amounts of food are transported outside here, which is entirely painless and effortless; this can happen even hours after eating.

The cause of “acid regurgitation” is the pylorus (sphincter muscle between the stomach and oesophagus), which is malfunctioning. If the baby is gaining weight regularly, worrying is unnecessary. As a rule, the symptom disappears when the infant begins to sit and stand or when the baby is switched from breast milk to complementary foods.

 

What to do with diaper rash?

The sore buttocks occasionally occur in almost every baby, whereby the signs can range from slight redness to severe inflammation, possibly even bleeding. The cause can be the diet of both the mother (acidic fruit or vegetables) and the child. However, it can also be a fungal disease (sharp demarcated, raised reddening and scaling) or a bacterial infection.

The redness can usually be quickly eliminated by changing diapers frequently and using a zinc ointment. Alternatively, St. John’s wort oil oak bark broth (from the pharmacy) or breast milk can be dabbed thinly onto the reddened areas. You should see a doctor if this treatment does not improve after a few days. It is helpful to dry the buttocks with a hair dryer that is not too hot after bathing and to let the baby kick around with a bare bottom as often as possible.

What to do if you are constipated

Some babies have a bowel movement daily, others only once a week. It is only considered constipation if the voiding occurs in hard chunks less than once a week and the baby has to strain to push. This rarely happens in breastfed children because their stools are soft and mushy. Under certain circumstances, there is a lack of liquid, and the baby has to drink more. In some babies, the cause is a tear in the anal lining that causes the child to hold back stool for fear of pain.

What to do with teething pain?

When babies are teething (usually between the fifth and eighth month), this is often a time of particular tension and restlessness, in which the child needs a lot of tenderness. Because the erupting teeth create tension, they can tickle, burn or even really hurt (if the gums above are already swollen). The first teeth are usually announced with tearfulness, increased salivation, and rarely with fever or diarrhoea.

Pressure and cooling, for example, with a chilled teething ring (in the fridge, not in the freezer) or a spoon, help to counteract the feeling of tightness. But also food (apples, carrots, bread crusts) that the child can bite around are suitable. Homoeopathic globules (e.g., Globuli Chamomilla D30), special teething gels, sage tea, or diluted sage tincture (although it tastes bitter) have proven effective. Some parents swear by violet roots (from the pharmacy).

If your child is crying, you can also give him pain suppositories from the pharmacy.

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