Be careful when picking mushrooms: edible mushrooms have a poisonous twin

From the end of August to the beginning of October, many people are drawn to local forests  to collect edible mushrooms  . Depending on the environment, different types await – but not all mushrooms are edible. Some can cause mild discomfort, others can lead to severe mushroom poisoning and even death. The motto “the more poisonous the mushroom, the more beautiful the cap” is true in some cases – but edible mushrooms also have poisonous doubles. If you still like to collect the aromatic edible mushrooms yourself, you should get information from a mushroom consultation afterwards and have the mushrooms checked by a professional. Care should be taken when collecting these types of mushrooms.

1. Chanterelle versus “fake” chanterelle

The chanterelle is one of the most popular edible mushrooms. The mushroom impresses with its aromatic smell and mild peppery  taste  and cuts a fine figure in various dishes. It is usually found on moss-rich soils in deciduous or coniferous forests. Depending on where they grow, chanterelles can take on different properties. How to recognize the edible mushroom:

  • In the shady forest between moss: pale whitish-yellow or strong golden yellow.
  • The hat has a dull surface which is wavy.
  • Multiple forked strips run along the handle.

The “false chanterelle” is the inedible twin of the popular edible mushroom. In contrast to its delicious double, the “false chanterelle” neither smells nor has its aromatic taste. The “false chanterelle” also differs visually from the original:

  • The hat is thin-fleshed.
  • The bifurcation of the lamellae is more even.

Excessive consumption of the “wrong chanterelle” can lead to  gastrointestinal problems  , a single mushroom is usually not harmful.

2. Porcini mushroom or gall boletus?

The porcini mushroom tastes slightly nutty and is a popular ingredient in many dishes. How to recognize the porcini mushroom:

  • The fruiting body has a brownish cap.
  • The pores of the porcini mushroom are white to olive-colored.
  • The reticulation of the stem is light.
  • The  flesh  of the porcini mushroom is white.

Important:  There is no bluing when printed.

The bile boletus is not poisonous, but very bitter. The boletus has a brown netting on the stem and even small amounts can make an entire dish inedible.

3. Distinguish flake-stemmed witch bolete from satan’s bolete

The flake-stemmed witch bolete is usually underestimated. The edible mushroom is a real highlight in many dishes. Mushroom lovers will find the flake-stemmed bolete on acidic soils with beech, oak and spruce. It often occurs together with the porcini mushroom. Due to its characteristics, the boletus is also called “cobbler’s mushroom”:

  • Finish: Brown, suede-like hat
  • Red tubes
  • Gelbes Fleisch
  • Roter Stiel, ohne Netzmuster und fein geflockt

Der böse Zwilling des Flockenstieligen Hexenröhrlings ist der Satans-Röhrling, welcher meist auf Kalkböden zu finden ist.

Der helle Hut ist das einzige Unterscheidungsmerkmal des Satans-Röhrling. Das Fleisch des Giftpilzes färbt sich unter Druck im Anschnitt nur leicht blau.

Der Verzehr kann zur heftigen Magen-Darm-Problemen führen, besonders roh kann der Pilz diese Reaktionen auslösen.

4. Safran-Riesenschirmling – Zwilling: Spitzschuppiger Schirmling

Das Fleisch des Safran-Riesenschirmling verfärbt sich beim Anschneiden safranfarben. Der Speisepilz ist in Mischwäldern zu Hause – so erkennen Sie ihn:

  • Weißes bis cremefarbenes Fleisch, welches bei Verletzung rötlich wird
  • Leicht vom ungenatterten Stiel zu lösen
  • Keine unregelmäßigen Zeichnungen
  • Horizontal bands, bulbous and thickened towards the base
  • Hat: creamy brown to dark brown

The pointed-scaled parakeet differs from its delicious double in only a few points. However, it is poisonous and inedible. The solid ring is a distinct differentiator. The smell of the mushroom is also unpleasant and sour.

The pointed-scaled parakeet contains various gastrointestinal toxins and can be fatal if consumed in excess.

 

 

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