Fenugreek : Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Fenugreek Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Fenugreek is native to the Mediterranean regions, Northeast Africa, Ukraine, India and China and is also cultivated as a crop in these areas and countries. The medicinal seeds come from commercial cultivations in India, Morocco, China, Turkey and France.

seeds as medicine

In herbal medicine, the ripe, dried seeds of fenugreek (Trigonellae foenugraeci semen) are used.

 

Fenugreek: Special Features

Fenugreek is an annual herb up to 60 cm high. The leaves are stalked and pinnate in threes. Inconspicuous flowers sit in the leaf axils, which are pale yellow at the top and light purple at the bottom.

The plant bears curved legumes up to 20 cm long, which contain numerous yellow or reddish-brown seeds. The seed material of fenugreek consists of four-sided or flat diamond-shaped seeds, about 3 mm in size. These are very hard and light brown to reddish or yellowish brown.

The seeds are externally divided into two unequally sized sections by a diagonal furrow. If you put the seeds in water, they quickly swell and burst the seed coat.

Smell and taste of fenugreek seeds

Fenugreek seeds give off a strong, aromatic smell. The seeds taste faintly bitter and feel slimy in the mouth when chewed.

Fenugreek – application

Fenugreek seeds can be used internally and externally.

Taken internally, the seeds stimulate the appetite in the case of a lack of appetite. According to recent clinical studies, fenugreek seeds also help with hair loss.

Apply fenugreek externally

Poultices can also be made from fenugreek seeds, which are suitable for the external treatment of local inflammation, boils and ulcers. In traditional medicine, however, the seeds are used in combination with other plants to loosen mucus in the respiratory tract.

 

Fenugreek seeds in folk medicine

The areas of application of fenugreek seeds in folk medicine are diverse. Due to the high mucilage content, it is used, for example, for inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract (catarrh) and the treatment of stomach ulcersstomach pain, type II diabetes, high blood lipid levels (hypercholesterolemia) and impotence.

Taken several times a day with some liquid, the seed powder is also considered a strengthening agent (Roborans).

Fenugreek as a Homeopathic

Homeopathically, the dried, ripe seeds are used to treat metabolic disorders.

 

Ingredients of Fenugreek

Fenugreek seeds consist primarily (30%) of mucilage. The seeds also contain up to 3% steroid saponins, trigofoenoside AG as bitter substances and a little essential oil. The amounts of the alkaloid trigonelline and the steroid peptide foenugraecin may also be among the ingredients that determine the effectiveness.

Indications that fenugreek can help with

These indications can be treated by applying fenugreek.

  • loss of appetite
  • local inflammation
  • boil
  • ulcers
  • possibly hair loss

Fenugreek – dosage

Fenugreek seeds and some tea blends are available in tea for skin and blood cleansing indications. The tea can either be taken internally or used to prepare poultices that can be applied externally to treat inflammation . In the field of herbal medicines, fenugreek seeds and extracts from them are offered in the form of tinctures, capsules and shampoos, for example.

Fenugreek: how to dose?

Unless otherwise prescribed, the average daily dose for internal use is 6 g of the drug. For external use, 50 g of the seed powder can be added to 250 ml of water to make a poultice.

 

Preparation of fenugreek

For internal use, about 2 g of the crushed seeds (1 teaspoon corresponds to about 4.5 g) can be taken three times a day with a bit of liquid. It is recommended to take it before meals to stimulate the appetite. For external use on local inflammation, 50g of the seed powder is mixed with 250ml of water and boiled for 5 minutes.

A moist, warm poultice can then be prepared from the brew and placed on the affected areas of the skin.

Fenugreek seeds are also found in the classic curry spice and are prevalent in India.

Safekeeping and Storage

The drug should be kept dry and protected from light.

Fenugreek – Synonyme

German plant name: Bockshornklee

German synonyms of the plant: Greek fenugreek, Greek hay, Greek hay, prickly pear clover, tides, goat’s clover, cow’s horn clover

Latin plant name: Trigonella fenum-graecum L.

Latin synonyms of the plant: Buceras fenugreek, Fenugreek officinale, Fenugreek sativum, Folliculigera graveolens, Telis fenugreek, Trigonella graeca, Trigonella jemenensis

German drug name: Bockshornsamen

German synonyms of the drug: Greek hay seed, cow horn seed, black-eyed pea, roebuck seed, goat seed, goat horn clover seed

Latin drug name: Trigonella fenugreek seed

Latin synonyms of the drug: Fenugreek seed, Trigonella seed

English name: Fenugreek seed, Greek hayseed (Droge); Fenugreek, Classical fenugreek, Bird’s foot, Greek clover, Greek hay, Methi Seed plant, Sickle Fruit Fenugreek, Trigonella (Pflanze)

Plant family Latin: Fabaceae

Plant family German: legume

 

Fenugreek – effect

Fenugreek: what are its effects?

The mode of action of fenugreek seeds has yet to be researched very well. So far, blood sugar-lowering and anti-diabetic effects have been demonstrated, probably due to the steroid saponins.

In rats, applying the seeds led to an increase in appetite.

In addition, the seeds are said to have expectorant, anti-inflammatory, heart- and uterine-strengthening effects. The seeds are also said to have a beneficial effect on hair growth.

 

Fenugreek: side effects and interactions

Repeated external use can cause unwanted skin reactions such as redness or itching.

Interactions with other means and contraindications are currently not known.

 

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