Can you protect your child?

Of course, you can’t protect your children from accidents around the clock without taking away some of their independence and activity at the same time. It is about finding the right balance between security and freedom. In any case, prevention is important. In other words, recognizing early on where dangers are lurking and avoiding them or making older children aware of the dangers and training safe behavior with them (e.g. in traffic). To compensate, you should give your children a lot of freedom to exercise where as little as possible can happen to them.

What if it did happen?

In accident situations involving children, it is important to react calmly, appropriately and quickly. This includes knowing how to carry out targeted first aid measures, but also correctly assessing the situation: Can I help here on my own? Or is the family doctor necessary? Do I need to call an ambulance or even an ambulance?

First aid for infants and children

Although the control of consciousness, breathing and circulation are basically the same, there are important differences to be considered when performing first aid measures, which are mainly due to the anatomy of children, which differs from that of adults. In infants, this primarily means the anatomy of the upper respiratory tract. Babies have relatively large heads and short necks. The larynx sits higher than in older children and adults, and the epiglottis is high enough in the throat to touch the soft palate.

For first-aid measures, this means:  The life-saving maneuver for children and adults – stretching the head back – must not be carried out on an infant, as it can lead to  shortness of breath  or even respiratory arrest.

  • Another peculiarity of the airways: the mucous membranes of infants and children swell much faster than those of adults. In addition, the diameter of the airways (eg the trachea) is smaller. Therefore, in newborns and infants who are “nose breathers”, even a “simple”  cold  can extremely impede breathing.
  • A child’s oxygen consumption is around two to three times higher than that of an adult. This high consumption is offset by a relatively small oxygen reservoir in the lungs (small lungs). Therefore, emergencies in children are often caused by impaired breathing.
  • The same applies to the cardiovascular system in children. Since infants and  young children  have a lower blood volume overall, even small blood losses can lead to a state of shock. Burns , massive  sweating  or “diarrhea with vomiting” can also  very quickly trigger a so-called volume deficiency shock due to the massive loss of fluids.

Psychic Peculiarities

Babies and children do not react like adults in emergency situations. If they are still too young, they lack the language skills to describe exactly what happened, for example. In addition, they often cannot localize pain precisely: Many different complaints are referred to as abdominal pain – preferably in the navel area.

Children often experience psychological shock as a result of an accident  . They then become extremely withdrawn or silent, others are very restless and disoriented. It is therefore particularly important  to convey calm and security  and, if possible, to explain the first aid measures to the child. It may be helpful to include your favorite cuddly toy in the measures.

Best of all: back to school

The first aid course for the driver’s license was a long time ago. And as already emphasized, the measures taken by adults cannot be transferred 1:1 to children. If parents want to spare their children an emergency situation in which the child experiences them as extremely helpless, a special first-aid course can help.

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