Consequences of being overweight

Consequences of being overweight

Not every pound over normal weight makes you sick. But it is still true that obesity, if it persists for a long period of time, is a precursor to numerous diseases. The first complaints are often shortness of breath when climbing stairs,  sleep apnea  (pauses in breathing for more than ten seconds during sleep), increased tendency to sweat, back and joint pain. Much more dangerous, however, are accompanying and secondary diseases that develop insidiously over years or decades. Many chronic diseases and disorders are now known to   be triggered or exacerbated by obesity .

sequelae and concomitant diseases

According to Professor Arnold Astrup from Copenhagen (9th European Congress on Obesity, ECO, June 1999, Milan), the risk of developing the following diseases is more than three times higher for obese people than for people of normal weight:

Two to three times more often than normal weight occur:

  • coronary heart diseases
  • arthrosis
  • gout

Obese people also have an increased risk (up to twice as high) for:

  • certain cancers (uterine, breast, cervical, prostate and gallbladder carcinoma)
  • sex hormone disorders
  • back pain

Being overweight also increases the risk of thrombosis and embolism and last but not least also means an increased risk during operations and anesthesia. Obesity leads to psychosocial problems and reduced quality of life. Those affected often suffer from depression, reduced self-esteem and less recognition by those around them.

Insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome

One speaks of insulin resistance when there is an increased insulin level combined with a reduced responsiveness of the body to the effects of insulin. The most common cause of this is overeating with easily digestible carbohydrates. The pancreas produces more and more insulin to finally lower the blood sugar level. Nevertheless, this remains too high as a result of resistance to insulin. The results are type 2 diabetes mellitus and an exhausted pancreas.

Every kilo less increases life expectancy

Being overweight not only poses a serious health risk, but can also mean a shortening of lifespan, in addition to the various health restrictions. The mortality risk is already 1.3 times higher with a moderately increased BMI (= 27) than with people of normal weight. With a BMI of 35, it even increases to 2.5 times. However, this risk can be counteracted by losing weight.

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