Correctly remove pigment spots

Correctly remove pigment spots

Like moles, pigment spots are caused by increased melanin production in certain skin areas. The spots are not dangerous but are often perceived as visually disturbing. In such cases, the pigment spots can be removed by a dermatologist. Various methods are available to him, including laser, peeling, and bleaching cream. Read more about the causes and the different treatment options for pigment spots here.

Increased production of melanin

Very few people have flawless skin. Smaller or larger pigment disorders often occur – for example, freckles or age spots. The spots are usually brownish or reddish. Unlike birthmarks, pigment spots are usually not palpable.

An increased production of the skin pigment melanin causes the spots. This is produced by specific skin cells – the so-called melanocytes. Usually, these cells protect us from UV radiation and ensure skin tan in summer. If some areas have a tremendous amount of melanin, pigment spots appear on the skin.


Causes of pigment spots

There can be various reasons why melanin is increasingly produced in certain parts of the body. In addition to the predisposition and too much harmful UV radiationhormonal changes play a role. Such changes can occur in women, for example, during pregnancy or menopause, but also through taking the pill. Sometimes, the pigment spots recede when a hormonal balance is restored.

Certain diseases can also lead to pigment disorders. Possible causes include:

In addition, medications that increase the skin’s sensitivity to light can also lead to pigment disorders. These drugs include antibiotics, some chemotherapy drugs, and products containing St. John’s wort.

White patches on the skin

While many pigment disorders cause reddish or brownish spots on the skin due to an increased concentration of melanin, there are also disorders in which too little melanin is produced. In such a case, white patches appear, mainly on the hands and face. This phenomenon is known as white spot disease  (vitiligo).

It has not yet been finally clarified why the white spots appear on the skin. It is assumed that those affected have a genetic predisposition. There is no cure for vitiligo, but exposure to UV light can relieve symptoms.


Treatment of pigment spots with laser

Harmless pigment spots do not require any treatment. However, the stains can be removed if they are perceived as cosmetically unsightly. More minor pigment disorders are best removed by laser treatment. The laser destroys the pigment accumulations and is then released by immune cells. As a result, the dark spots on the skin disappear.

They remove pigment spots through other methods.

In addition to laser treatment, there are other ways to remove pigment spots. The spots can be separated with a scalpel, frozen with nitrogen or treated with an acid peel.

It would help if you always left the treatment to an experienced dermatologist to avoid scars and unsightly skin spots. Since the treated skin area is susceptible after removing the stain, it must be carefully protected from the sun.

Pigment spots can come back.

Even after a pigment spot has been removed, it can reappear over time, or new spots can form in other places. This is particularly true when the skin has been exposed to increased UV radiation for years. Once the melanocytes are particularly active, their activity level is difficult to lower again.


Remove stains with creams.

Pigment spots can also be removed with the help of special bleaching creams. Such creams are especially effective for slight discolouration. Some products are over the counter; others are only available with a doctor’s prescription.

These are usually creams that contain the active ingredient hydroquinone in higher doses. Since the active ingredient is suspected of being mildly carcinogenic, it should be used for three months.

Tips on using bleaching creams

Bleaching creams should always be applied selectively to the affected areas of the skin. They are usually used in the morning and evening. In the morning, you should apply a generous amount of sunscreen, as the bleaching cream makes the skin more light-sensitive.

In the case of very light spots, treatment success can already be seen after four weeks, but it usually takes at least two months for the spots to fade.

Bleaching agents should always only be used after consulting your doctor because the creams are not entirely harmless; their use can sometimes cause severe skin irritation. If you experience such a reaction, you should stop treatment and consult a doctor.

Prevent pigment spots

Pigment disorders cannot be prevented in every case, as they are often genetic or hormonal. Women who suffer from a pigmentation disorder can consider switching to a non-hormonal method of contraception. In addition, pigment spots can also be prevented by avoiding a deficiency in folic acid or vitamin B12.

It is also essential that you ensure adequate sun protection. UV radiation also plays a role in the formation of pigment spots. Therefore, ensure you have sufficient protection on vacation and in everyday outdoor activities. In this way, you prevent the development of unsightly skin spots and can also prevent skin cancer.


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