Gender medicine: This is how women tick in the field of health!

Gender differences also play an important role in medicine: drugs should be dosed differently depending on gender, for example, and heart attack symptoms often make themselves felt in women. Women should pay attention to this!

Women and men differ in their physiological characteristics – therefore medication and disease progression should also be adapted to gender. Symptoms or courses are often reflected differently, so women should pay attention to this when taking medication.

Drugs work differently in women

Although drugs are used in both women and men, pharmaceutical manufacturers usually only include men in their drug studies. This is because they often volunteer to test new drugs. It is important to test and recommend medications specifically for women because of the following factors:

  • Men and women have different amounts of enzymes that activate the active ingredients in medicines in the body. This can affect the dosage of the drugs in the blood.
  • Men have a lower  body fat percentage  than women. The body therefore absorbs and distributes the active ingredient differently.
  • After taking the medication, a tablet takes different amounts of time in the body in men and women until it takes effect.
  • Women are more likely to suffer from side effects of the medication.

Women should ask more questions when visiting a doctor

Before and also while taking medication, women should find out about gender-specific differences from their doctor:

  • Watch out for side effects and inform the doctor if you have any problems
  • Discuss and check the dosage together with the doctor

Heart attack symptoms manifest themselves differently in women

Women tend to suffer a heart attack at a later age   than men. This is related, among other things, to the  menopause  and the production of the sex hormone estrogen in the body. The hormone has a positive effect on the vessels and facilitates blood flow, therefore heart attack in women occurs only ten years after menopause.

Women often perceive the heart attack symptoms differently, so it is recognized later and offers less time for treatment.

Detect heart attack in women

A heart attack is usually more obvious in men than in women. The typical chest pain, which increasingly radiates into the arm, occurs less. Rather, women perceive the heart attack as a feeling of tightness in the chest. Other symptoms also appear:

Women tend to classify the heart attack as a stomach problem. If the symptoms occur, a doctor should be contacted urgently. In addition, older women should have their cardiovascular system checked regularly. A healthy lifestyle also helps reduce heart problems.

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