Goldenrod: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Goldenrod: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

The herb is native to the temperate climate zones of Europe, Asia, North America and North Africa and prefers to grow on dry forest meadows and at the edges of forests. The giant goldenrod and Canadian goldenrod are also naturalized in large parts of Europe. The merchandise comes from cultures in Germany or is imported from wild collections in Eastern Europe (Hungary, former Yugoslavia, Poland, Bulgaria). The commodity is often a mixture of all three types of goldenrod, but the most effective is the actual goldenrod.

Goldenrod in herbal medicine

The dried, above-ground parts of the goldenrod collected during the flowering period (August-October) are used in herbal medicine.


Goldenrod: typical characteristics

The goldenrod is a perennial, up to 1 m tall, upright herb with oblong leaves. The lower stem leaves are elliptical; the upper ones are narrow. The numerous bright yellow flower heads with about 6-12 mm long ray florets are in compound racemes. The related giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) and Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) are used for similar ailments.

Ingredients used as medicine

Typical of the goldenrod herb are golden yellow flower heads surrounded by greenish bracts and ray florets arranged like an imbricated tile.

Other drug components are individual yellow flowers that have fallen out and grey to green, somewhat wrinkled leaf fragments. Cylindrical, dark, longitudinally striped stem pieces also occur. However, the proportion of stems should be less than 20% since the ingredients determining the effectiveness are mainly found in the flowers and leaves.


How does goldenrod smell and taste?

Goldenrod leaves no particular smell. The taste of the goldenrod herb is tart and slightly astringent.

Goldenrod – Application

Goldenrod herb is mainly used for diseases of the urinary tract. For example, it is a flushing therapy for inflammation and infections of the ureter, urethra and bladder. Goldenrod can also be used to treat urinary stones and kidney stones, i.e. an accumulation of small kidney stones, and these diseases can also be prevented.

Application for irritable bladder not scientifically proven

If an irritable bladder is present, the associated symptoms can be treated with goldenrod, such as pain when urinating and an increased urge to urinate. However, this last application is not scientifically proven but is based on clinical studies and experience.


Goldenrod herb in folk medicine

For centuries, folk medicine has used goldenrod herb for internal and external use in wounds that are not healing well and as a gargle for inflammation of the mucous membranes in the mouth and throat. Furthermore, goldenrod is also used in folk medicine for stone diseases, arthritis (inflammatory joint disease), gout, rheumatic diseases, and skin diseases.

Homoeopathic use of goldenrod herb

In homoeopathy, the fresh inflorescences of the goldenrod are used to treat liver, gallbladder and pancreas diseases. Other homoeopathic indications are diseases of the kidneys and the urinary tract.


Components of goldenrod

Goldenrod contains a complex mixture of flavonoids, saponins, phenylglycosides, tannins, and essential oils, which vary depending on the species of goldenrod. The phenolic glycosides leicarposide and virgaureoside are critical substances for the actual goldenrod and, at the same time, decisive for its effectiveness. Neochlorogenic acid and chlorogenic acid are also critical active ingredients.

Indications for the use of goldenrod

Goldenrod can be used for treatment in the following cases:

  • Inflammation of the urinary tract, cystitis, bladder infection, irritable bladder
  • Urinary stones, kidney gravel, small kidney stones
  • wounds
  • skin diseases
  • mucosal inflammation
  • rheumatic diseases

Goldenrod – dosage

Goldenrod is contained in numerous tea blends in the bladder/kidney teas group, as well as instant tea and filter bags. Furthermore, many mono and combination preparations contain dry and fluid extracts of the herb, whereby care should be taken to ensure that the actual goldenrod is declared on the packaging.

The preparations are available on the market in capsules, dragees, drops, and other forms.

Goldenrod – the correct dose

The average daily dose of 6-12 g goldenrod herb should not be exceeded.


Preparation of goldenrod

To prepare a goldenrod tea, 2-3 g of the finely chopped herb (1 teaspoon corresponds to about 2 g) are poured over with boiling water and passed through a tea strainer after 5-10 minutes. Goldenrod herb can also be prepared cold and then boiled up briefly.

To develop the diuretic effect, 1 cup of tea should be drunk 3-5 times a day.

When not to use goldenrod?

Preparations containing goldenrod should not be taken for oedema (tissue swelling due to water retention), which can be traced back to impaired heart and kidney function.

Other contraindications are chronic kidney disease, pregnancy and lactation.


Notes on using goldenrod

Ensuring sufficient fluid intake, i.e., at least 2 litres a day, is essential in flushing therapy.

Goldenrod herbs should be stored dry and protected from light.

Goldenrod – Synonyms

German plant name: Goldrute

German synonyms of the plant: True Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod, Common Goldenrod, European Goldenrod, Wild Goldenrod, Himmelbrand, Oxbread, Rod of St. Peter, Foxtail

Latin plant name: Solidago virgaurea

Latin synonyms of the plant: Solidago virguarea L., Solidago cantonensis, Solidago decurrens, Solidago virgaurea ssp. Virgaurea, Solidago virga-aurea L., Amphiraphis leiocarpa, Amphiraphis pubescens, Dectis decurrens, Doria virgaurea

German drug name: Goldenrod

German synonyms of the drug: Real goldenrod herb, golden wound herb, goldenrod herb, heathen wound herb, golden wound herb, noble wound herb, healing wound herb, power healing herb, horse herb, tarweed, forest herb, biscuit herb

Latin drug name: Solidaginis virgaureae herba

Latin synonyms of the drug: Solidaginus virgaurea herb

English name: Virgaurea herb (Droge); Golden Rod, European Goldenrod, Aaron’s Rod, Golden Root, Blue Mountain Tea, Denrod, European Gosweet, Woudnwort, Woundwort (Pflanze)

Plant family Latin: Asteraceae

Plant family German: Korbblüts


Goldenrod – effect

Goldenrod herb has a diuretic (diuretic), anti-inflammatory (antiphlogistic), analgesic (analgesic) and weak antispasmodic (spasmolytic) effect.

The diuretic properties are probably due to leicarposide, which, among other things, inhibits an important antidiuretic enzyme (ACE); animal experiments have also shown that leicarposid prevents the growth of urinary stones. Goldenrod herb also has an inhibitory effect on bacteria and fungi.

Goldenrod: change and side effects

In rare cases, taking goldenrod herb can lead to gastrointestinal problems or allergies. Interactions with other agents are currently not known.


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