Heart attack therapy

Heart attack therapy

The sooner therapy begins after a heart attack, the better the chances of restoring blood flow to the affected areas and limiting tissue loss. Immediate treatment after a heart attack is also crucial to keep the complication rate and the risk of death low. The first measure before therapy is: If you suspect a heart attack, call the emergency doctor! In the meantime, it may be advisable for the sufferer to sit still with their upper body raised and take a pill of acetylsalicylic acid (500 mg).

Heart attack: bypass surgery

During transport to the hospital, the doctor administers oxygen, painkillers and sedatives, and therapy and monitoring in the intensive care unit followed in the clinic.

Usually, a heart catheter examination is performed (in which the affected vessel can be widened directly), or an IV is given to dissolve the blood clot.

Sometimes, a bypass operation is carried out directly in the course of heart attack therapy; however, this is associated with a high risk in such acute cases.


Heart attack: therapy with drugs

In the next step of therapy after a heart attack, the affected person receives medication to thin the blood and improve heart function and the prognosis, which he sometimes has to take continuously, even after the hospital stay after a heart attack.

Follow-up treatment of a myocardial infarction

After the hospital stay as part of the heart attack therapy, there is almost always follow-up treatment in a rehabilitation facility, where the person concerned learns to live with their illness. This includes physiotherapy and breathing exercises as well as cardiovascular training.

Regular check-ups are essential following treatment after a heart attack.

The person affected must change their life to minimize the risk of another heart attack. This includes a healthy diet and regular, moderate exercise such as light jogging, hiking or swimming.

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