High Blood Pressure – Symptoms of high blood pressure

High Blood Pressure – Symptoms of high blood pressure

Almost every third adult in this country suffers from high blood pressure. Those affected often do not know anything about their disease because the high blood pressure (hypertension) does not make itself felt through typical signs. Usually, only unspecific symptoms can be assigned to other diseases, such as dizziness or headaches.

Sometimes, the symptoms are due to vascular changes that occur when high blood pressure has existed for an extended period. Other complaints arise mainly in a hypertensive crisis when the blood pressure suddenly rises sharply.

In this series of photos, we take a closer look at some signs of high blood pressure and explain what causes could be behind them. However, medical advice should always be sought to clarify the exact triggers of unclear symptoms.

Does high blood pressure cause eye problems?

Eye problems, such as flickering or blurred vision, can result from long-standing high blood pressure because the blood vessels that supply the retina in the eye suffer from hypertension in the long term. This can lead to the retina lacking enough blood and oxygen. The retinal diseases caused by high blood pressure are also known as hypertensive retinopathies.

Caution: visual disturbances can also be a harbinger of a stroke, which in turn is favoured by high blood pressure. Therefore, a doctor should always clarify visual disturbances with known high blood pressure. If other symptoms co-occur, such as a feeling of tightness in the chest, shortness of breath or numbness, the emergency call should be called urgently.

sweating as a sign

Increased sweating and hot flashes can occur in connection with high blood pressure. In women, however, they can also represent symptoms of menopause. It can, therefore, happen that these symptoms are not correctly assigned to the woman, and an existing hypertension is overlooked.

Headache as a high blood pressure symptom

With high blood pressure, headaches occur more often with physical exertion or stress. They can also occur together with dizziness. If both the headache and the dizziness are severe and associated with a sudden increase in blood pressure or nausea, caution is advised. It could be a sharp increase in blood pressure (hypertensive crisis).

If the measurement reveals unusually high blood pressure, medical advice should be sought immediately to avoid a further derailment with possible organ damage (hypertensive emergency).

Are you trembling and freezing with high blood pressure?

Tremors can be a sign of a hypertensive crisis. This is characterized by a sudden, rapid increase in blood pressure. If a tremor occurs with known high blood pressure, the blood pressure should be measured immediately, and if the values ​​are high, medical help should be sought.

A tremor associated with a feeling of cold and freezing is more likely to indicate that your blood pressure is too low than it is too high. Low blood pressure (hypotension) is when the upper (systolic) value is below 110 millimetres of mercury (mmHg). 

Erectile dysfunction as a result of high blood pressure

Prolonged high blood pressure is often associated with erectile dysfunction. These can be traced back to a dysfunction of the blood vessels and insufficient blood flow to the erectile tissue in the penis.

Drugs for high blood pressure usually do not affect potency but may reduce sexual desire.

Dizziness and noises in the ears

Dizziness is a symptom that can have many causes. One of them is high blood pressure, which can affect the organ of balance in the ears. In addition to dizziness, ringing in the ears and ringing in the ears ( tinnitus ) can also occur.

If severe dizziness occurs in connection with a severe headache, a rapid increase in blood pressure and possibly nausea, this can be a sign of a hypertensive crisis. In this case, medical advice should be sought immediately.

Sleep disorders due to nocturnal hypertension

Sleep disorders such as insomnia, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep can not only be symptoms of high blood pressure but also the cause.

Usually, blood pressure drops at night during sleep. If the blood pressure does not fall, nocturnal high blood pressure occurs, which can severely affect the quality and duration of sleep. The result is a stressful tiredness during the day. It is, therefore, advisable to have persistent sleep disorders clarified by a doctor.

Rapid heartbeat from atrial fibrillation

Long-term high blood pressure can lead to atrial fibrillation, which in turn can be a cause of heart palpitations or palpitations. Heart palpitations (tachycardia) are violent and fast heart palpitations which can also occur as a symptom of many other diseases. If you are still determining the cause of the tachycardia or if the tachycardia occurs more frequently, you should seek medical advice.

If there is also a feeling of tightness in the chest, there could be an emergency with high blood pressure. Then, the emergency call should be made immediately.

Red face as a symptom

A red face, accompanied by nausea, headache, and dizziness, can be a sign of a hypertensive crisis. This leads to a rapid increase in blood pressure, which requires immediate medical treatment to avoid organ damage.

Nosebleeds are more familiar with high blood pressure.

High blood pressure nosebleeds are often difficult to stop and last more than five minutes. Studies have shown that nosebleeds are linked to high blood pressure. The cause is believed to be that the sensitive vessels in the nose change due to high blood pressure and can be damaged more easily.

 

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