Actually, there is no part of the body and no organ that cannot be affected by inflammation: from an inflamed toenail to meningitis, from skin to  tendonitis  – everything is conceivable. And – there are very different degrees of inflammation. The pimple on the   nose is a  localized ,  tissue-destroying, bacterial inflammation. If this pimple is squeezed out improperly, bacteria can get into the meninges via the bloodstream and, in the worst case, cause meningitis, or meningoencephalitis. What types of inflammation are there and what are the possible causes? You can find out here.

Local and generalized inflammation

The local, i.e. localized, inflammation then turns into a so-called “generalized” inflammation. Professionals use this term when the infection is not localized but affects the entire body or parts of the body. In this case, the pathogens from local sources of infection are washed into the entire organism via the bloodstream and cause damage there.

The  body’s immune system  is then no longer able to stop the spread of germs such as bacteria, viruses, and occasionally  fungi  or parasites. Either because it is too weakened, for example after an operation, transplant or an accident, in newborns or in sick elderly people. Sometimes the pathogens are too numerous or their poison is too aggressive.

How Pope John Paul ll died and paralyzed actor Christopher Reeve, best known for his role as Superman, not from longstanding illnesses but from acute blood poisoning caused by severe inflammation  , known technically as sepsis.

What is inflammation and how does it happen?

Inflammation is a highly complex process of the body’s defense system against attacks of all kinds. It is always a reaction to pathogenic stimuli, such as toxins or foreign bodies, which damage tissue and/or cells. How pronounced the inflammation is depends on the strength, number and intensity, but also on the duration of the attacking stimuli. The aim of an inflammation is always to smuggle the “pest” and its consequences out of the body again.

causes of inflammation

Inflammation can be caused by both external and internal stimuli and influences. External influences  are for example:

  • Viruses and/or bacteria or their toxins
  • poisoning
  • Heat, for example  sunburn , or cold

In addition to external influences, there are also  stimuli from within that  can lead to infections, for example:

  • Metabolic products, for example uric acid crystals
  • tissue breakdown products
  • Products that have arisen as a result of a disturbed immune reaction


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