Ligament strain in the ankle and knee

Ligament strain in the ankle and knee

Ligament strain in the ankle

A sprained ligament in the ankle is one of the most common sports injuries: if the foot twists while jogging, for example, or is kicked while playing soccer, sprained ligaments are often the result. This can occur in the upper ankle joint – the connection between the tibia, fibula and ankle bone – and in the lower ankle joint. The lower ankle consists of the ankle, heel and navicular bones.

 

Ligament strain in the ankle: symptoms and treatment

If there is a stretched ligament in the ankle, it is usually an injury to the outer ligament. Because when twisting the foot, the outer edge of the foot lowers, and the inner edge of the foot rises – the result is a stretching of the outer ligaments. Depending on how much the ligaments are stretched, individual ligaments can also tear when twisted.

Typical symptoms of a ligament strain in the ankle are pain when moving the foot and slight swelling of the ankle. The doctor can check whether the outer ligament in the ankle has torn or not with the so-called unfolding test. He tests whether the foot can be folded outwards – if this is the case, there is probably a tear in the lateral ligament.

Tapes can be used to treat a stretched ligament in the ankle, ensuring that the joint’s normal function is maintained. Special supporting bandages for the ankle also fulfil the same task. To safely avoid twisting your ankle again, you can use a fixed splint attached around the ankle during the healing process.

Ligament strain in the knee

Ligament strain in the knee can be caused by vigorous twisting movements that stretch the ligaments beyond their normal range of motion. Overstretching the knee and hitting or kicking the stretched knee joint can also result in ligament stretching. Ligament injuries in the knee are prevalent in sports such as soccer or skiing.

Numerous ligaments run through the knee joint – the inner and outer ligaments and the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. Stretching and torn ligaments can occur in all four ligaments during sports. Typical symptoms of a ligament injury in the knee are pain and instability of the joint. An injury to the inner ligament can also cause thigh pain.

In the case of a ligament injury in the knee, a stretched ligament and a ruptured ligament are often tricky for a layperson to tell apart since a ruptured ligament rarely causes a bruise to form. To rule out a severe ligament injury, it is therefore always advisable to consult a doctor if there is pain in the knee. This can limit the injury more precisely through various stability tests.

If there is only a ligament strain, the joint remains stable in these tests, unlike a ligament tear. A stretched ligament in the knee can be treated by resting a lot and wearing a bandage: This additionally stabilizes the joint and relieves the ligaments.

 

Stretched ligaments in the finger or wrist

Ligaments in the finger or wrist are often stretched in ball sports such as volleyball or handball. If a ball is hit badly, it can quickly lead to severe injuries in the finger joint.

If the ligaments in the finger joint are stretched, it is advisable to immobilize the injured finger with a tape bandage so that the stretched ligaments can heal in peace. Fixing the injured finger to an adjacent, healthy finger with a bandage is also possible.

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