mallow: Uses, herbal medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

mallow Uses, herbal medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Mallow is native to Europe and Asia but is also found as a weed in other parts of the world. The drug is mainly imported from Albania, Bulgaria and Morocco.

Wild Mallow in herbal medicine

In herbal medicine, the dried flowers (Malvae flos) and leaves (Malvae folium) are collected when flowering. The flowers should not be confused with the black mallow flowers obtained from the hollyhock, not the Malva species.

 

Mallow and its characteristics

Mallow is a biennial to perennial shrub up to 1 m tall with 3-7 lobed leaves. The individual lobes are rounded and hairy, and the edge is notched. Furthermore, the perennial bears 5-petalled, pink flowers, each with five petals, on which characteristic darker stripes can be seen.

Mallow as medicine

The drug from mallow blossoms mainly contains bristly hairy sepals and light violet or dark blue-violet petals. There are also numerous thread-like stamens, which are often fused into a tube. Occasionally, one also finds a flattened ovary.

Mallow leaves are rounded with 3-7 lobes and an unequally toothed leaf margin. You can see the hand-shaped leaf veins. 

 

Mallow flowers: smell and taste

Neither mallow flowers nor leaves give off a particularly noticeable smell. The taste of the flowers and leaves is slimy.

Mallow – application

The flowers and leaves of the plant are used equally to treat inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and the associated dry cough. The leaves are also used in inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes of the airways (airway catarrh). Due to its slightly astringent (astringent) effect, Mallow is also said to benefit gastrointestinal inflammation.

Mallow in folk medicine

Traditionally, mallow blossoms, in particular, help loosen mucus in the respiratory tract. In folk medicine, mallow blossoms and leaves are used for colds, coughs, hoarseness and bladder problems, and externally in the form of poultices to treat wounds.

Mallow is also used in folk medicine for complaints in ​​the gastrointestinal tract, such as an irritable stomach or gastritis (inflammation of the gastric mucosa).

 

Homeopathic use of Mallow

The homoeopathic use of Mallow corresponds in the broadest sense to officinal use, i.e. to support the treatment of irritation of the mucous membranes in the mouth and throat.

ingredients of Mallow

Both parts of the plant, the leaves and the flowers, contain high levels of mucilage (5-12%). These consist mainly of neutral and acidic polysaccharides. Important to mention is the high anthocyanin content of the flowers. The drug material also contains traces of tannins, sesquiterpenes, flavonoids and diterpenes.

 

Mallow: For what indication?

Indications that Mallow can help with are:

  • Irritation of the mucous membranes in the mouth and throat
  • inflammation of the mucous membranes
  • respiratory catarrh
  • cough

Mallow – dosage

Mallow leaves and blossoms are contained as a single drug and in tea mixtures, especially in cough, cold and bronchial teas. The flowers are also found in gastrointestinal tea mixtures. Extracts from mallow leaves and blossoms are also processed, for example, in the form of cough syrup or cough drops.

Mallow: average daily dose

Unless otherwise prescribed, the average daily dose is 5 g of the drug.

 

Mallow – Preparation as a tea

To prepare a mallow tea, 1.5-2 g of the finely chopped mallow blossoms (1 teaspoon corresponds to about 0.5 g) or 3-5 g of the finely chopped leaves (1 teaspoon corresponds to about 1.8 g) are poured over with boiling water and put through a tea strainer after 5-10 minutes.

A cold extract can also be made from the leaves for 5-10 hours, but it should be boiled briefly before cooking.

tea sweetened with honey should be drunk several times daily to develop a therapeutic effect.

When should Mallow not be used?

Medicines containing Mallow should not be taken if the respiratory tract is congested, as Mallow suppresses the urge to cough that is necessary to cough up the mucus.

 

Proper storage of Mallow

The drug should be stored dry and protected from light.

Malve – Synonyme

German plant name: Malve

German synonyms of the plant: Wild Mallow, Algier Mallow, Ross-Malve, Garden Poplar, Big Cheese Poplar, Ross Poplar, Chäslichrut

Latin plant name: Malva sylvestris L.

Latin synonyms of the plant: Malva sylvestris L., Malva sylvestris Sm., Malva ambigua, Malva elata, Malva erecta, Malva glabra, Malva mauritiana, Malva obtusa, Malva ruderalis, Malva vulgaris

German drug name: Mallow 

flowers Mallow leaves

German synonyms of the drug: Blue poplar flowers, cheese poplar flowers, horse poplar flowers, wood mallow flowers, wild mallow flowers (flowers); Hare poplar leaves, cheese herb, cheese poplar leaves (leaves)

Latin drug name: Wild mallow flower (Blüten) 

Mallow leaf (Blätter)

Latin synonyms of the drug: Mallow flowers, Mallow flower, Mallow flowers (Blüten); 

Mallow Leaves, Mallow Leaf, Mallow Leaves (Blätter)

English name: Mallow leaf (Droge); Mallow, Common Mallow, High Mallow, Marsh Mallow, Zebrina Mallow, Blue Mallow, Cheese-cake, Cheese-flower, cheeses (Pflanze)

Plant family Latin: Malvaceae

Plant family German: mallow family

 

Mallow – effect

The mucilage in the drug forms a protective film on the mucous membrane surface when it comes into contact with water and thus relieves the urge to cough. Anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds have anti-inflammatory effects.

Mallow: side effects and interactions

There are currently no known side effects of mallow preparations.

Like all substances containing mucilage, the absorption of other medicinal substances can be inhibited or delayed by the absorption of mallow leaves or blossoms. Therefore, at least one hour should be observed between taking mallow preparations and other medicinal substances.

 

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