Mugwort: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects

Mugwort: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects

The plant is native to the temperate climates of Europe and Asia; in North America, it was naturalized. It grows primarily on rubble dumps, fallow land, hedges, railway embankments and river banks. The drug, mugwort or Artemisia herba, comes from wild occurrences in Eastern Europe.

Mugwort: Which parts of the plant are used medicinally?

In most cases, the leaves or aerial parts of the plant (Artemisia herba) are used as a drug. Occasionally, the roots are also used.


Typical features of Beifß

Mugwort is a perennial herb that can grow up to 1m tall. The leaves are strongly dissected, dark green on top, silvery, and hairy on the underside.

The plant bears inconspicuous, yellow to reddish-brown flower heads in a terminal panicle.

What does the medicine do?

The tips of the shoots, which are 60-70 cm long and collected during the flowering period, are usually used as a drug. The cut drug often includes lanceolate, entire or toothed leaf tips. The individual leaf pieces are dark green to black-green on top, the underside is silvery and has felty hairs. The hairs cause a lumpy cohesion of the individual leaf fragments.

The drug also includes many egg-shaped flower heads with imbricated sepals and yellow to reddish flowers. In contrast to wormwood, the inflorescence is hairless.


How does mugwort smell and taste?

Mugwort spreads a delightful, aromatic smell. The taste of mugwort is spicy and slightly bitter.

Mugwort – application


Mugwort: when to use?

The drug is used to treat symptoms and disorders in the gastrointestinal tract. Mugwort herb is a helpful remedy for diarrhoeaconstipation, colic and cramps.

In general, it is supposed to stimulate gastric juice and bile secretion, which is used in cases of loss of appetite. In obesity, it can be used as a laxative.

It is also used for worm infestation, constant vomiting, and menstrual disorders (e.g. irregular periods) and is considered a means of promoting blood circulation.


Mugwort in neurological diseases

In addition to all the effects mentioned, mugwort also influences neurological diseases. For example, it is used for convulsions, especially in children, epilepsy and hysteria, and as a sedative. However, the effectiveness of the mentioned application areas has yet to be proven, and there are currently no more recent studies on this.

Use in folk medicine and as a homoeopathic

Since ancient times, mugwort has been used for medicinal and magical purposes, such as an appetite stimulant, menstrual and digestive aid, and a diuretic. Today, the drug is not used as often for gastritis, flatulence, and to stimulate gastric juice production. Occasionally, it is used as a worm-killing agent (anthelmintic) and for menstrual problems.

In homoeopathic medicine, mugwort is used for cramps and complaints related to worm infestation.


Mugwort: ingredients

Mugwort contains 0.03-0.3% essential oil of variable composition. Standard components of the oil are camphor, thujone, linalool and numerous monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. Other essential active ingredients contained in the drug include coumarins, flavonol glycosides, caffeic acid and phenolic carboxylic acids.

Indications for the use of mugwort

Indications for which mugwort is used are:

  • Gastrointestinal complaints
  • Diarrhea
  • indigestion
  • indigestion
  • constipation
  • Pin
  • cramps
  • loss of appetite
  • Vomit
  • nausea
  • worm infestation
  • menstrual disorders
  • circulatory disorders
  • Epilepsy
  • Hysteria

Dosage of mugwort

Mugwort is offered in tea (however, tea preparations are no longer available today) or in various traditional medicines such as Lemon Balm Spirit Vital.

The average daily dose for mugwort is about 3 g of the drug.


Mugwort: Preparation as a tea

One teaspoon of the drug (equivalent to about 1.2 g) is poured over 150 ml of boiling water and left to stand for about 5 minutes. About 2-3 cups should be drunk daily before meals to stimulate the appetite.


Mugwort should not be used during pregnancy and breastfeeding or if you are hypersensitive to mugwort or other daisy plants.

Since modern studies have yet to prove its effectiveness, a therapeutic application cannot be endorsed.


Storage of mugwort

The drug should be stored dry and protected from light.

Mugwort synonyms


German plant name: mugwort

German synonyms of the plant: Common mugwort, mugwort, spice mugwort, wild wormwood, mugwort, solstice belt, were tweed

Latin plant name: Artemisia vulgaris L.

German drug name: mugwort

German synonyms of the drug: Goose herb, ragweed, lady’s weed, flywheel, maiden-wort

Latin drug name: Artemisia herb

Latin synonyms of the drug: Artemisia tops (vulgar)

English name: Common Wormwood, Mugwort, Felon herb, Fleabane, Motherwort, Sailor’s tobacco, St. John’s plant

Plant family Latin: Asteraceae

Plant family German: Korbblüts


Mugwort – effect

How does mugwort work?

The mode of action of mugwort largely corresponds to that of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium). Mugwort can also cause the reflex stimulation of saliva, stomach and bile secretion and thus has a flatulent and cholagogue effect.

The effect is mainly based on the bitter substances (sesquiterpene lactones) and the essential oil.

Mugwort: side effects and interactions

The pollen of the plants contains allergenic structures that can trigger allergic reactions after previous sensitization. An abortive effect, i.e. a miscarriage -supporting effect, has also been described. This is mainly attributed to the thujone contained in the essential oil, which is said to have a stimulating effect on the uterus.

Interactions with other agents are currently not known.


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