Myocarditis after COVID vaccination also in Germany

In Israel, myocarditis was diagnosed last month after a corona vaccination with BioNTech/Pfizer. In Germany, too, heart muscle inflammation is now occurring after the COVID vaccination. You’ll find more about it here.

Myocarditis (inflammation of the   heart muscle) is an inflammatory disease of the heart muscle. A distinction is made between chronic and acute myocarditis, with acute myocarditis often turning into chronic myocarditis.

Myocarditis and corona vaccination: myocarditis caused by BioNTech/Pfizer vaccine?

A first report by the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI) shows that myocarditis after vaccination with BioNTech/Pfizer also occurs in Germany. So far, the current figures cannot be classified as a risk signal, but are referred to as “other undesirable reactions”.

The first symptoms of myocarditis appeared in twelve out of 16 patients in the first week after the vaccination:

  • 18 to 29 years: Six men and two women
  • 30 to 39 years: three men and two women
  • 40 to 49 years: A man
  • 50 to 59 years: A man
  • 60 to 69 years: A man

After inquiries from the Reuters news agency, BioNTech/Pfizer announced that it would evaluate the data from Israel and investigate the side effects associated with it. So far, however, there is no causal connection between the corona vaccination and myocarditis.

Symptoms of heart muscle inflammation

Inflammation of the heart muscle often progresses without symptoms or with non-specific symptoms. Myocardial involvement in the form of myocarditis can occur in 15 percent of patients as a result of a viral infection. Symptoms of this are:

  • Pain in the left arm, similar to chest  tightness  (angina pectoris) or a  heart attack
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath, usually with physical activity
  • racing heart  (tachycardia)
  • General malaise and dizziness
  • Fever

A basic distinction is made between infectious, toxic and autoimmune myocarditis. Various infectious agents such as viruses or bacteria as well as toxins can be the causes of heart muscle inflammation. This is how the doctor recognizes the heart muscle inflammation:

  • Laboratory chemical characters of selected enzymes
  • Electrocardiogram and echocardiography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the heart (cardiac MRI)

Heart muscle inflammation can occur in different degrees of severity. In case of symptoms and problems, the family doctor should be contacted.

 

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