Fat parents, fat children – doctors sound the alarm. The number of people who are severely  overweight  continues to rise. Diet and weight loss tips seem to have little effect. What can you do? Obesity (obesity, adiposity, obesity) is a mass phenomenon, especially in industrialized countries: the number of people who are overweight and weigh too many kilos is increasing, especially in childhood at an alarming rate. Obesity limits quality of life and shortens life expectancy. Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases, such as  high blood pressure  (hypertension).

From overweight to obesity

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people who are overweight has tripled in the last 20 years. Being slightly overweight has little negative impact on health. But it is already a sign that more energy is being taken in with food than is being used. Excess fatty tissue then often continues to accumulate and the excess weight turns into obesity.

Obesity: diet as the main reason

Around every fifth German now suffers from such a pathological obesity. According to a study by the Robert Koch Institute (KiGGS study), around 15% of children and young people are overweight and 6% are obese. This means that 800,000 children and adolescents suffer from obesity. Particularly critical: obesity does not grow out, but increases with age.

The main reason is our diet: too much, too fat, too high in calories. In addition, too little exercise to utilize the excess calories. This means that the energy is not  burned , but stored for bad times. Except that they never come, so fat stores grow. Being overweight often makes you sluggish and quickly out of breath – which in turn does not exactly promote the joy of movement. Overweight and obesity are a vicious circle in which more and more people are trapped.

degree of obesity

The body mass index  (BMI) can be used to determine whether your weight is still within the normal range, whether you are overweight or whether you are already obese  . The BMI puts weight in relation to height (BMI = kg/m²), with slight variations depending on age. With a normal weight, the BMI is in the range from 18.5 to 24.9, with overweight up to 29.9; anything above that is an obesity.

This is often further subdivided into three grades –  obesity grade I  is from a BMI of 30,  obesity grade II  from a BMI of 35 and  obesity grade III  (obesity permagna) from a BMI of 40. For example, a 170 cm tall person is 170 cm tall A woman has obesity grade I from a weight of 87 kilograms, while obesity permagna occurs from a weight of 116 kilograms.

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