Odermennig: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Odermennig: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

The agrimony is particularly widespread in the northern hemisphere. The plant is mainly imported from Hungary, Bulgaria and Croatia. The aerial parts of the plant collected during the flowering period (June-August) are used.

Agrimony: typical characteristics

The small agrimony grows between 0.5 and 1 m high. The plant has pinnate, toothed and hairy leaves with stipules. The small, golden-yellow, 5-petaled flowers are about 5-8 mm and arranged in slender spikes at the top of the stem; the ridged ovary has small protruding hooks.

The fragrant agrimony (Agrimonia procera) is related to the weakly scented agrimony. This is considered an excellent alternative source of drugs.

 

Agrimony as medicine

The drug consists of various parts of the agrimony plant. The leaflets are about 2-3 cm long. The leaf fragments are hairy grey felt on the underside, while they are only slightly hairy and green on the upper side.

The stem parts are also bristly hairy. In addition, the small, hooked aggregate fruits and rarely yellow parts of the flower are part of the drug.

How does agrimony taste and smell?

Agrimony gives off a very faint aromatic odour. The taste of the plant is slightly bitter.

Agrimony – Application

The drug, which is obtained from the agrimony, can be taken for acute diarrhoea, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, haemorrhoids and urological complaints such as bladder infections and urinary incontinence.

External use of agrimony

The drug can also be used for the external treatment of mild, superficial skin infections. For this purpose, envelopes of the aqueous extract of the drug are placed on the inflamed areas.

Agrimony is also said to have a beneficial effect on arthritis and rheumatism, but there is no scientific evidence for this.

 

Agrimony in folk medicine

Agrimony herb is used in folk medicine as a so-called astringent (literally “contracting” agent) for external injuries and is explicitly used to stop bleeding. The astringent, haemostatic and anti-inflammatory effect is based on the fact that certain substances in agrimony form compounds with the cell membranes, which strengthen the uppermost cell layer and reduce the permeability of the small blood vessels.

In folk medicine, the drug is also taken in disorders of bile excretion (cholecystopathies). However, there is no explanation for this due to the ingredients known so far.

Application in homeopathy

In homoeopathy, agrimony is used to treat bronchitis.

 

Ingredients of agrimony

Agrimony contains a high proportion (4-10%) of tannins – mainly catechin tannins and traces of ellagitannins and gallotannins. Other active ingredients are polysaccharides with a share of 20%, triterpenes, flavonoids (water-soluble plant pigments) and free phenolic acids. Agrimony also contains traces of essential oil.

Agrimony: For what indication?

Agrimony can be used in the following cases:

  • Diarrhea
  • mucosal inflammation
  • haemorrhoids
  • cystitis
  • urinary incontinence
  • dermatitis
  • Arthritis
  • rheumatism

Agrimony – Dosage

Agrimony is suitable for internal use in the form of tea. Sometimes, the drug is also available as a component of preparations, namely in the form of tablets, coated tablets, drops, fluid extracts or distillates.

Agrimony: The correct dose

Compresses with a 10% aqueous extract can be applied several times a day for external use. To prepare this, about 10 g of agrimony is mixed with 100 ml of cold water, boiled briefly and then strained.

Unless otherwise prescribed, the average daily dose of 3-6 g of the drug should not be exceeded.

 

Agrimony – Preparation as a tea

To prepare the tea, about 1.5 g of the drug (1 teaspoon corresponds to about 1 g) is cut into small pieces, poured over with boiling water, and, after about 5 minutes, passed through a tea strainer.

It would help if you gargled or rinsed with the tea to develop the astringent effect. For the treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, a cup of tea should be drunk 2-3 times a day.

The drug is also a component of commercially available tea preparations, for example, in therapeutic teas, pancreas teas, blood formation teas, cholesterol teas or liver bile teas.

special instructions

  • According to older sources, aqueous extracts of agrimony should not be used on burns because they can delay the healing of burns.
  • Combinations with other drugs that contain tannins can be helpful.
  • If diarrhoea lasts longer than two days and blood in the stool and fever co-occur, a doctor should be consulted.
  • The drug should be stored away from light and moisture.

Odermennig – Synonyme

German plant name: Little Agrimony

German synonyms of the plant: common agrimony

Latin plant name: Agrimonia eupatoria L.

German drug name: agrimony

German synonyms of the drug: Five cinquefoils, field herb, agrimony, arable land, field mannequin, berry weed, curd root, boy lice, Greek liverwort

Latin drug name: A plant of agrimony

Latin synonyms of the drug: Herb Lappula hepatica, Herb Eupatoria

English name: Common agrimony (Pflanze); Agrimony herb, Liverwort, Strickwort, Sticklewort, Cocklebur, Church steeples (Droge)

Plant family Latin: Rosaceae

Plant family German: rose family

 

Agrimony – effect

Aqueous and alcoholic extracts of the drug have antiviral, antimicrobial and anti-oxidative properties, mainly due to the tannin content. The astringent effect of Agrimoniae herba is based on the fact that the tannins react with the proteins of inflamed mucous membranes and thus protect them from toxic substances, leading to accelerated inflammation healing.

The flavonoids underline the anti-inflammatory effect of the tannins. Antidiabetic effects have also been demonstrated in animal experiments.

Agrimony: side effects

Overdoses of tannins can irritate the mucous membranes and cause nausea. Therefore, the specified daily dose should not be exceeded.

Interactions with other agents are not known.

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