Pansies: Uses, herbal medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Pansies: Uses, herbal medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

The numerous existing subspecies, varieties and forms are native to all temperate climatic zones of Asia and Europe. Viola arvensis, also known as a grain weed, is considered to be the source of the drug material. This is also considered a subspecies of the classic field pansy and is distributed worldwide.

Pansies in herbal medicine

The drug material comes from wild deposits and partly from cultures in France and Holland. In herbal medicine, the above-ground, dried parts of the pansy and the flowers (Violae tricoloris herba) collected during the flowering period are used.


Pansies: typical characteristics

Pansy is an annual, rarely perennial, plant that grows up to 30 cm high. It bears heart-shaped, glabrous leaves and pinnate stipules.

The distinctive flowers are white, yellow, purple, or tricoloured, with all three colours mentioned. There are many forms, subspecies and varieties of the plant.

Pansy medicine

The drug’s characteristics are deep blue, violet, and bright yellow, mostly curled flowers. The drug also contains yellow to yellow-brown fruit capsules or parts thereof, light yellow pear-shaped seeds, hollow stem pieces and severely shrivelled, light green leaf fragments.


The smell and taste of pansies

Pansies give off a very faint, peculiar smell. The taste of pansies can best be described as slimy-sweet.


Pansies – application

Pansies are used externally for mild skin diseases associated with an overproduction of skin fats by the sebaceous glands (seborrhea or seborrheic skin disease).

Pansies for skin diseases

The plant is also suitable for the external treatment of cradle caps in children. Known from empirical medicine, it also positively affects acne, skin inflammation, itching and the so-called diaper dermatitis – sore skin that often occurs in the diaper region.

Traditionally, the plant is used to support the function of the skin.


Application in folk medicine

In folk medicine, pansies are mainly used to treat itching skin rashes. Other areas of application of folk medicine include:

  • Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract (catarrh)
  • whooping cough
  • feverish colds and sore throats

Due to its metabolism-promoting effect, the plant is also used as a blood purifier, diuretic, and diaphoretic for rheumatism, gout and Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) Application.

Homeopathic Uses of Pansies

Homeopathy uses the fresh above-ground parts of the pansy to treat skin, kidneys and urinary tract diseases.


Ingredients of pansies

The most important ingredients that determine the effectiveness of pansies are numerous flavonoids such as rutin, violanthin, scoparin and orientin, methyl salicyl glycoside, triterpene saponins, tannins and, with a proportion of 10%, mucilage.

Pansies: indication

Pansy has medicinal uses in the following cases:

  • Skin diseases
  • Seborrhea, seborrheic skin diseases
  • Skin inflammation
  • itching
  • Acne
  • Milchschorf
  • Diaper rash

Pansies – dosage

The crushed drug is used externally in the form of infusions or decoctions. Due to insufficient clinical data, finished medicinal products with a defined indication must be approved. Still, pansy extracts are contained in various skin care products in creams, oils and balms.

Pansies – the correct dose

To make your sitz bath, 2-3 tablespoons of the pansy herb can be poured over with 1 litre of boiling water, passed through a tea strainer after 15 minutes, and the broth added to the bath water.

Unless otherwise prescribed, the average daily dose is around 4.5 g of the drug.


Pansies: preparation

To prepare a tea from the pansy herb for external use, 1.5 g of the finely chopped drug (1 teaspoon equals about 1.8 g) is poured with about 150 ml of boiling water and, after 10 minutes, strained through a tea strainer. Alternatively, the herb can be mixed with cold water and then briefly boiled.

The tea infusion can be used externally up to 3 times a day. If you have throat infections, you can also gargle with the tea.

Pansy herbs should be stored dry and protected from light.

Pansies – Synonyms

German plant name: Pansies

German synonyms of the plant: Field pansies, field pansies, wild pansies, field pansies, field violets, field violets, trinity flower, tri-coloured violet, foliage herb, from herb, Jesus flower, sensual violet, day-and-night vigil

Latin plant name: Viola tricolor L.

Latin synonyms of the plant: Viola tricolor ssp. tricolor, Viola tricolor var. Hortensis Candolle

German drug name: Field pansy herb

German synonyms of the drug: Pansy herb, Trinity herb, Trinity tea, Freiseed herb, Freiseed tea

Latin drug name: A herb of the tricolour violet

Latin synonyms of the drug: Herba Viola tricolour, Herba Viola, Herba Viola with flower, Herba Jaaceae, Herba Trinity

English name: Heartsease, Pansy, Wild Pansy, Field Pansy, European wild pansy, Heart’s Ease, Johnny jump up, Three-color violet, Trinity violet, Wild Violet

Plant family Latin: Violaceae

Plant family German: violet family


Pansies – effect

The exact mechanisms of action of pansies have yet to be discovered in detail. However, the contained flavonoids, triterpenes and methyl salicylate have an anti-inflammatory and secretolytic effect, i.e. a facilitating effect on the ejection of mucous bronchial secretion. This also makes the use of pansies in folk medicine plausible.

Pansies: side effects

There are currently no known side effects or interactions with other drugs. There are currently no contraindications either.

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