Passion Flower: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Passion Flower: Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

The passion flower is native to eastern and southern North America and Central and South America. The plant is also cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions. The drug material is mainly imported from the USA and India.

The whole dried plant is used in herbal medicine, mainly in the leaves and thin stems (Passiflora herba).

Passionflower: special characteristics

Passion flowers are perennial climbers that can grow several meters high. The plant bears glabrous, deeply divided, heart-shaped leaves with large stipules.


Flowers as namesake

The very appealing, radiant flowers are large with white and violet parts. The shape of the flowers is quite peculiar and characteristic – the plant owes its name to the comparison with the passion tools:

  • the third secondary crown is a symbol of the height of thorns of Jesus Christ
  • the five inner stamens for the stigmata and
  • the three handles with the scars for the nails on the cross

The interpretation of the plant and the name derived from it are said to have originated with Catholic missionaries in South America.

The passion flower also bears oval, orange-coloured fruits with many seeds and tasty yellow flesh. The flowering period of the passion flower is May and June.

Passionflower as a medicine

The drug consists of thin, rounded, hollow stem pieces and approximately 6-15 cm long, three-lobed leaves. The leaves are finely hairy on the underside, and the leaf veins are visible. The smooth tendrils that curl up like a corkscrew at the end are striking.

There are also long-stalked, large flowers and greenish-to-brownish fruits with numerous seeds.


How do passion flowers smell and taste?

The passion flower spreads a slightly aromatic smell. The taste of the passion flower could be more characteristic and more varied.

Passionflower – application

Passionflower herb is traditionally used to relieve nervous stress and improve general well-being. The approved use is as a mild sedative for restless restlessness such as restlessness, nervousness, anxiety and insomnia. Passionflower also helps, especially in children with nervous-related gastrointestinal complaints.

Used in folk medicine and homeopathy

In folk medicine, passion flower is only used in the countries of origin of the plant as an antispasmodic and sedative as well as for depression and concentration difficulties.

In homoeopathy, the fresh, above-ground parts of the plant are used to treat diseases of the central nervous system, restlessness, sleep disorders and cramps.


Constituents of the passion flower

Passionflower herb contains up to 2.5% flavonoids, caffeic acid, coumaric acid, coumarin derivatives and small amounts of essential oil. The Harman alkaloids, frequently cited in the literature, only occur in traces, if at all.

Passionflower: what indication?

Passionflower is used medicinally for:

  • restlessness
  • restlessness
  • nervousness
  • Angst
  • insomnia
  • nervous, gastrointestinal complaints

Passion Flower – Dosage

Passionflower can be taken as a tea to indicate sedation, often in combination with valerian and hops. In addition, passion flower herb is contained in numerous mono- and combination preparations of the tranquillizers (sedatives) group. These are available in dragees, drops and other forms of practice.

What dose?

Unless otherwise prescribed, the average daily dose is 4-8 g of the drug.


Passionflower: Preparation as a tea

To prepare a passion flower tea, pour boiling water over 2 g of the finely chopped drug (1 teaspoon corresponds to about 2 g) and pass through a tea strainer after 5-10 minutes. 2-3 cups of the tea can be drunk during the day or 1-2 cups before bedtime.

What should you consider when using it?

There are currently no known drug interactions or contraindications.

The herb should be kept dry and protected from light.

Passionsblume – Synonyme

German plant name: Passionsblume

German synonyms of the plant: Flesh-colored passion flower, Hardy passion flower, Passion herb, Passion of Christ, Our Lady’s shroud

Latin plant name: Passiflora incarnata L.

Latin synonyms of the plant: Granadilla incarnate, Grenadilla incarnate, Passiflora keris

German drug name: passionflower herb

Latin drug name: Passiflora herba

English name: Passion flower herb (Droge); Passionflower, Passion Flower, Passion vine, Wild Passion Flower, Passiflora, Maypop, Apricot vine, Flower of the five wounds, Manzana de Mayo, Mayapple, (Pflanze)

Plant family Latin: Passifloraceae

Plant family German: passionflower family


Passionflower – effect

The mode of action of passion flower extracts has yet to be adequately researched clinically. Plant components may bind centrally and peripherally to specific receptors (GABA-A receptors), through which a calming effect is mediated. The calming and anxiolytic effects have been demonstrated in animal experiments.

Passionflower: side effects

High doses of passion flower herb can lead to slight headaches and blurred vision. No other side effects are known to date.

There are currently no known drug interactions or contraindications.

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