PMS: Tips, Causes and Symptoms!

Around 80 percent of women of childbearing age suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS usually occurs a few days before the period and can affect the female organism in different ways. What is PMS, how does premenstrual syndrome manifest itself and what helps with PMS?

The female body is exposed to hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle, which often go unnoticed. But for many women, the time before menstruation is particularly stressful: Common symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are mental and physical complaints, which can manifest themselves in different ways.

What is PMS?

In 80 percent of women, the drop in hormones during the menstrual cycle manifests itself as psychological and physical complaints. In this context, the premenstrual syndrome,  PMS for short , is often mentioned. It summarizes the days and symptoms before the start of the period, which are caused by the hormonal fluctuations. PMS usually manifests itself as water retention, weight gain, changing moods and abdominal pain. PMS usually settles at the beginning of the period.

PMS: Pre-period discomfort and symptoms

The symptoms of PMS can vary and can be influenced by stress or physical factors, for example. Mental and physical problems usually have a negative effect on women’s bodies and are difficult to control or regulate.

Physical Symptoms of PMS

The following physical complaints can occur:

  • Feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen and abdominal pain
  • diarrhea  or  constipation
  • Circulatory problems, dizziness, tiredness, exhaustion
  • headache
  • Chest pain or breast tenderness
  • back pain
  • Skin problems, pimples and skin irritations

PMS often manifests itself in the form of cravings or loss of appetite. Many women also complain of weight gain and water retention before menstruation.

PMS Symptoms: Mental Discomfort

Many women are emotionally drained, tired or easily irritated, especially before their period. They often feel overwhelmed in everyday situations and suffer from mood swings. However, PMS brings with it other symptoms:

  • Depressive  moods and listlessness
  • mood swings and tantrums
  • concentration problems and tiredness
  • insomnia  and inner restlessness
  • Isolation and lack of interest in the environment

Physical and psychological problems often occur at the same time and also influence each other. At the beginning of the period, the symptoms subside. Some women also complain about  menstrual cramps , abdominal pain and other problems during their period. Most of the time, however, the body calms down during menstruation.

Causes of premenstrual syndrome

The exact causes of PMS are not yet fully understood. Since it often occurs more frequently within a family, it is assumed that PMS is hereditary on the one hand. On the other hand, hormonal changes and disorders can be responsible for PMS:

  • Hormone fluctuations:  imbalance between the female sex hormone estrogen and the pregnancy hormone progesterone.
  • Falling serotonin levels:  One consequence of the imbalance could be the production of the mood hormone serotonin, which could drop particularly in the second half of the cycle and is therefore responsible for depression and mental health problems.
  • In some cases of PMS, there is also an increased  level of prolactin  .

A low level of melatonin (sleep hormone), stress, lack of exercise and an unhealthy lifestyle also promote symptoms before your period.

Alleviate PMS symptoms: medication, nutrition and Co.

Depending on the symptoms and their severity, PMS symptoms can be relieved with the following tips:

  • Reduce stress through regular exercise and sport
  • Balanced diet (avoid alcohol and nicotine)
  • Warm tea, such as relaxing lavender tea or pain-relieving ginger tea
  • Relaxation exercises, autogenic training and meditation

In the case of frequent and severe symptoms, the PMS can be treated with medication after consultation with the doctor. Common medications for PMS are:

  • Pain relievers such as  ibuprofen  or  paracetamol
  • hormone preparations such as the pill
  • Mood-enhancing drugs in the form of antidepressants
  • Diuretics for severe water retention

The right foods, exercise and diet can alleviate PMS symptoms, but medication should only be used if there is severe pain or depression. A symptom diary can help to better understand PMS, get to know the body and alleviate the symptoms based on the listed tips. Open communication with the family, the partner and the professional environment is important here, if desired, in order to better understand misunderstandings and mood swings.

 

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