Propolis: application and ingredients

ingredients of propolis

Depending on the time of year and the region in which the bees collect their “putty resin”, the  composition changes  and with it the  effectiveness.  Because of this fluctuating effectiveness, propolis is only conditionally suitable for use as a medicine, because the Medicines Act prescribes a standardization of the composition of active ingredients. It is sold as a cosmetic or dietary supplement.

Flavonoids: Vascular strengthening, antiviral, antioxidant

Between 150 and 200 ingredients have been identified in propolis so far. These include chemical elements such as  zinciron , silicon, copper, vitamins, antifungal oils and, most importantly,  flavonoids . These water-soluble plant pigments have, for example, a vascular strengthening effect, help against inflammation and have an antiviral effect. The antioxidant effect of flavonoids is being researched more and more: many studies speak for their anti-cancer effect.

extraction of propolis

Beekeepers obtain the propolis by placing a plastic grid in the hive of the bees. When the bees have sealed the holes with propolis, the grids are removed and placed in the freezer, frozen, and then ground. They then dissolve it in 60 to 70 percent alcohol and get about 300 grams of propolis per liter. At 15°C propolis is brittle and hard, at 30°C it is supple, above that it becomes sticky and very soft. From 65°C it becomes liquid, but only melts completely at over 100°C.

Propolis: Used for a variety of ailments

Propolis is used as a  homeopathic remedy  for non-purulent inflammation of the mucous membranes, such as inflammation of the gums and  throat , and for various skin diseases. It is said to  strengthen the body’s defenses and,  if taken regularly, to harmonize digestion. Propolis helps with inflammation in the mouth and throat when added to mouthwash and toothpaste, it relieves injuries and burns, acne, neurodermatitis, ulcers and warts. It supports the treatment of  athlete’s foot , works against tiredness and rheumatic complaints.

Propolis is light yellow to brown to black. Its taste is bitter and pungent, the smell mostly sweet, but varies depending on the origin. Propolis is available as drops, granules or powder for oral use, five to ten drops in a glass of water once a day as a dosage. There is also propolis ointment, chewy candy, suppositories, propolis cream, capsules and other dosage forms. Some people are allergic to propolis – skin irritation or blisters can occur, for example, when they come into contact with ointments.

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