Protect children from colds

Protect children from colds

Cough or cold viruses can settle and multiply particularly well in children. Your immune system is not fully developed yet. Up to six colds a year are considered normal. If parents take preventive measures in good time, the risk of respiratory infections can be significantly reduced. But that is sometimes exhausting, and not all measures can consistently be implemented daily. But it’s worth working on.

Hand over mouth and nose

When coughing, the viruses and bacteria are thrown out of the respiratory tract of the infected person. They usually end up with the person closest to you, and you’re already infected.

A simple but effective protection against pathogens is already given when children and adults cover their mouths when coughing and sneezing. This significantly reduces the risk of infection.

For example, parents can entice their children by awarding bonus points. With ten bonus points, a reward can be suspended. This playful behavioural training has two effects: on the one hand, the children make an effort not to sling the viruses around the room; on the other hand, if there are several children, they educate each other.

 

Remember to wash your hands!

Even the grandmother used to say this sentence over and over again. But what the grandparents knew is now scientifically proven: if you wash your hands frequently, you get sick less often. American scientist Margaret AK Ryan conducted “Operation Cough Stop” to prove this. She urged naval recruits in the US state of Illinois to wash their hands at least five times daily. She then compared the weekly incidence rate with her colleagues before and during the study with her colleagues. The result: the risk of respiratory infections was reduced by 45 per cent.

Washing hands is, therefore, an important measure to prevent colds, especially in the cold, wet season when almost everyone sniffs and coughs.

Keep distance!

Again and again, one can observe that strangers or acquaintances, for example, in the supermarket or elsewhere, stroke children’s cheeks or bend over the pram and start talking to the little ones. However, this can also transmit pathogens.

On the one hand, it is nice when children are admired; on the other hand, the child’s immune system is unnecessarily burdened. Parents do not have to establish sterile conditions, but in times of high risk of infection, parents should minimize the risk of contracting the disease.

 

air rooms

Paediatricians recommend not letting the room temperature in the children’s room rise above 18 degrees Celsius during bedtime. In addition, the children’s room should always be well-ventilated before going to sleep . Water evaporation bowls in the children’s room ensure that the air does not become too dry.

During the day, the children should exercise as much as possible in the fresh air, even in winter. Important: It is not the cold that leads to an infection, but incorrect clothing and confrontation with pathogens. The onion principle protects against hypothermia and, thus, against weakening the immune system.

The child should wear natural fibres such as cotton or silk next to the skin. They absorb sweat better. This is followed by several textile layers, between which air chambers insulate. For example, a cotton undershirt, a long-sleeved T-shirt that is not too tight, a soft sweater made of natural fibres and a breathable outer jacket are well suited.

Infants and young children should wear a hat. Otherwise, they can cool down very quickly. In general, however. Don’t dress too warm. Otherwise, the body loses the ability to adapt to temperature fluctuations.

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