Scotch broom : Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Scotch broom : Uses, medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Broom is particularly common in Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, and the plant has been naturalized in South Africa North and South America. The herb is collected in spring or late autumn and is mainly imported from the Balkan countries.

Use in herbal medicine.

In herbal medicine, the above-ground parts are often used with isolated flowers and flowering shoot tips (Cytisi scoparii herba). The flowers alone (Cytisi scoparii flos) are used in folk medicine.


Broom: special characteristics

A broom is a branched shrub up to two meters high that develops green, rod-shaped branches. The branches have undivided leaves on the upper branch sections; the leaves are threefold below. Characteristics are the relatively dense yellow flowers, which grow up to 2.5 centimetres long and develop into flat, curved pods.

The main components of broom herb are the black-brown to brown-green twigs about two to three millimetres thick. These have five protruding, lighter longitudinal edges. Occasionally, small leaf and flower parts also occur.

How does the broom smell and taste?

The herb does not spread any particular smell. The taste of broom herb is very bitter.

Broom – Application

Broom: what to use for?

Broom is used for functional problems of the cardiovascular system. For example, the herb can be taken to stabilize the circulatory system in the case of mild cardiac arrhythmia.

Heart palpitations often express cardiac arrhythmias, subjectively felt heart palpitations, fear, weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Taking broom herb reduces the excitability of the heart, causing the heartbeat to slow down and stabilize.

Broom herbs can also help improve low blood pressure (hypotension). In the case of mild cardiac arrhythmias, broom is sufficient as a sole therapy from an herbal point of view.


Broom – not only for the heart

In folk medicine, broom is also used for cardiovascular problems. In addition, the plant is also used as a diuretic to treat water retention in the tissue (oedema). In the past, the broom was also used to promote labour and treat snake bites.

In homoeopathy, the fresh flowers are used together with isolated leaves, but without the twig tips, for general cardiac insufficiency.

Ingredients of broom

The effectiveness of broom is mainly due to the tetracyclic quinolizidine alkaloids, with sparteine ​​being the principal alkaloid in the branches. Other ingredients sometimes found in increased amounts in the flowers are amines such as tyramine, dopamine, and flavonoids.


Broom can help with these indications.

Broom is used in the following applications:

  • cardiovascular problems
  • cardiac arrhythmias
  • low blood pressure
  • hypotension

Broom – Dosage

Broom: the proper dosage

Broom herbs can be taken in the form of tea or aqueous-ethanolic extracts. These are commercially available, for example, as drops for cardiovascular complaints.

Unless otherwise prescribed, the average daily dose is one to three grams of the drug.


Broom: Preparation as a tea

We recommend pouring boiling water over one to two grams of the finely chopped herb (a teaspoon is about two grams) and straining it through a tea strainer after ten minutes. One cup of tea can be drunk up to four times a day.

The herb should be stored dry and protected from light.

When not to take broom herb?

Broom herb should not be taken if you have high blood pressure (hypertension). An existing pregnancy is also a contraindication because the drug has labor-inducing effects.

Broom is rather unsuitable for self-medication and should only be taken after consulting a doctor.

Besenginster – Synonyme

German plant name: Besenginster

German synonyms of the plant: Broomweed, standard broom, Scottish gorse, broom, broom bush, awl bush, awl, raise, Bram

Latin plant name: Cytisus scoparius L.

Latin synonyms of the plant: Cytisus scoparius L. LINK, Sarothamnus ericetorum, Sarothamnus obtusatus, Sarothamnus scoparius, Sarothamnus vulgaris, Genista angulata, Genista glabra, Genista hirsuta, Genista scoparia, Genista scoparius, Genista vulgaris, Spartium angularus, Spartium glabrum, Spartium scoparium

German drug name: Besenginsterkraut

German synonyms of the drug: broom herb

Latin drug name: Cytis scoparii herba

Latin synonyms of the drug: Genista scoparia herb, Sarothamni scoparia herb, Scoparia herb, Spartii scoparia herb, Sarothamni scoparia herb, Scoparia tops, Scoparium, Scoparia tops, Scoparia tops Genista

English name: Broom, Common broom, English broom, European broom, Green broom, Irish broom, Scotch broom, Yellow broom, Broomtops, Scotch broom tops, Irish broom tops, Besom Irish tops, Scoparium

Plant family Latin: Fabaceae

Plant family German: legume


Broom – effect

What effect does a broom have?

In the heart, sparteine ​​affects various channels and receptors, resulting in a weakening of nerve impulses. This leads to increased heart strength (positive inotropy) with a simultaneous reduction in heart rate (slowing down of diastole).

Tyramine constricts the vessels, which causes an increase in blood pressure. Overall, the circulation stabilizes.

Broom: side effects and interactions

There are currently no known harmful side effects. Experience has shown that occasional headaches and dizziness can occur.

In pregnant women, the consumption of a broom can lead to an unwanted contraction of the uterus and thus endanger the child. Pregnancy is, therefore, an absolute contraindication!

The herb should not be taken with other medications for low blood pressure, as this could lead to blood pressure crises.


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