Sea buckthorn and sea buckthorn juice – healthy effect

Anyone who has ever been to the North Sea or Baltic Sea coast in autumn knows it: the sea buckthorn. Its bright orange fruits are not only attractive but also very healthy. Both whole  sea buckthorn berries  and the  juice squeezed from them  have a positive effect on health. Because sea buckthorn contains a lot of vitamin C, among other things,   and thus contributes to strengthening the immune system. The following article tells you what other ingredients are in sea buckthorn, what sea buckthorn can be good for and two delicious recipes with sea buckthorn juice.

What is sea buckthorn?

Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides) is a shrub with narrow, silver-green leaves that prefers loose, calcareous and sandy soil, rocky slopes or dunes. In Germany, wild sea buckthorn grows primarily in the coastal regions of the North and Baltic Seas. The plant has long, sharp thorns and bears small, orange berries from September. In northern Germany, the dune plants are also cultivated commercially in order to produce juice, mush, jam, tea , powder, oil, syrup or cosmetic products from the fruit  .

The fact that the thorny sea buckthorn plant likes to grow in sandy locations on the coast is also reflected in its various names. Alternative names for the plant are sea thorn, sand berry, hawthorn, dune thorn or pheasant berry.

Sea buckthorn and sea buckthorn juice: plenty of vitamins C and E

The fruit of the sea buckthorn is characterized by its very high vitamin C content. It contains around ten times more of the valuable  nutrient  than many citrus fruits and is therefore also known as the “lemon of the north”. 450 milligrams of vitamin C are contained in 100 grams of fresh sea buckthorn berries. For comparison: a  lemon  contains just over 50 milligrams of the healthy vitamin. The daily requirement of 100 milligrams can be covered with just 22 grams of fresh sea buckthorn or 45 milliliters of the fruit juice. Vitamin C is important for the normal functioning of the immune system, the formation of connective tissue and bone substance and for wound healing.

In addition, around 3 milligrams of vitamin E are contained in 100 grams of the fruit. Vegetable oils and fats as well as nuts and seeds have the highest vitamin E content   . In fruit, it is mainly found in blackcurrants (1.9 milligrams per 100 grams) and blueberries (1.8 milligrams per 100 grams). Vitamin E has an anti-inflammatory effect. In addition, it has an  antioxidant  effect and protects the body cells from damage caused by aggressive oxygen compounds (free radicals).

Other vitamins in sea buckthorn are vitamin A and various vitamins from the B group.

Vitamin B12 and vitamin D in sea buckthorn?

A high vitamin B12 content is often attributed to sea buckthorn berries. Vitamin B12 is typically found in all animal foods such as meat, fish, eggs or dairy products.  However, plant-based alternatives for vegetarian and  vegan diets are rare, which is why sea buckthorn is sometimes very popular as a supposed source of B12. In fact, however, vitamin B12 is not found in sea buckthorn and sea buckthorn juice, or not in a usable form. Only fermented plant products made from soy or vegetables contain small amounts of the vitamin.

Vitamin D, known as the sunshine vitamin, and vitamin K are also not found in the fruit.

Other ingredients in sea buckthorn

In addition to vitamins, the following  minerals  and trace elements are contained in significant amounts in 100 grams of sea buckthorn:

  • Calcium: 42 milligrams
  • Potassium : 133 milligrams
  • Magnesium: 30 milligrams
  • Iron : 440 micrograms
  • Manganese: 600 Microgramm

Although sea buckthorn does not score with a high iron content, it can definitely keep up with other healthy fruits as a nutrient supplier. For comparison: 100 grams of lemons contain 11 milligrams of calcium, 170 milligrams of potassium, 28 milligrams of magnesium, 450 micrograms of iron and 45 micrograms of manganese.

In addition, sea buckthorn contains secondary plant substances such as  flavonoids  and saponins as well as various fruit acids.

Omega-7 fatty acids in sea buckthorn

The oil pressed from the seeds and pulp of the sea buckthorn contains omega-7 fatty acids. The following properties are attributed to these fatty acids, which the body can also produce itself:

  • inhibit inflammation
  • protect heart and blood vessels
  • have a balancing effect on cholesterol levels
  • promote fat metabolism
  • regenerate skin, hair and nails

Consuming plenty of omega-7 is also recommended for weight loss. However, it has not been scientifically proven whether taking this fatty acid really leads to success. A balanced diet combined with regular exercise is known to be the best way to shed unwanted pounds.

Effect of sea buckthorn and sea buckthorn juice: How healthy is sea buckthorn?

Due to its ingredients, sea buckthorn is considered very healthy. Sea buckthorn juice and sea buckthorn oil can be used both internally and externally. They are also a component of hand cream and other creams, ointments and soaps. Sea buckthorn is also included in some dietary supplements or teas.

The effect of sea buckthorn juice and sea buckthorn oil differs depending on the method of application.

Effect when used internally

Sea buckthorn oil and juice can have a beneficial effect on the heart and circulatory system because they lower blood pressure and have an antioxidant effect. In addition, sea buckthorn can strengthen the body’s defenses and protect against colds thanks to its high vitamin C content   . It is enough to drink about three tablespoons of sea buckthorn juice per day to cover the daily requirement of an adult.

Effect when used externally

Sea buckthorn oil and sea buckthorn juice are used externally as ingredients in creams, oils, bath additives and ointments for:

  • Skin and hair care
  • Treatment of chronic (inflammatory) skin diseases such as acne or neurodermatitis
  • Promotion of wound healing
  • Sunburn Relief 

Sea buckthorn oil is also said to be able to help protect against premature skin aging caused by the sun.

Can sea buckthorn have side effects?

There are no known side effects of sea buckthorn. However, an allergy  to sea buckthorn should be ruled out before using or consuming sea buckthorn products  .

What is sea buckthorn powder?

Sea buckthorn powder consists of ground, freeze-dried sea buckthorn fruits. In high quality, it contains a large part of the ingredients of fresh berries and therefore has a similar effect on health. The powder is suitable for the preparation of  smoothies , teas or muesli, but can also be used in salad dressings or other sauces.

How do sea buckthorn and sea buckthorn juice taste?

When the orange sea buckthorn fruits ripen in autumn, you can pluck them straight from the bush and eat them raw. They have a rather sour and fruity-tart taste. Depending on the variety, the best time to harvest is between early September and mid-October.

If you like it a little sweeter, use sea buckthorn juice. This has the typical aroma of berries, tastes slightly sour and is very fruity.

Where can you buy sea buckthorn?

Sea buckthorn juice is available unsweetened and sweetened in health food stores, drugstores and health food stores. Unsweetened juice is also called primal juice or mother juice. It is completely free of additives such as preservatives, water or sweeteners.

Fresh sea buckthorn berries are not usually available in stores. In the mail order business, fresh or frozen berries are available at harvest time. However, freeze-dried or dried fruits are also available all year round.

Sea buckthorn is also available all year round in the form of powder, sea buckthorn puree, sea buckthorn puree, jam or tea. With products such as juice and mush, it is worth paying attention to the sugar content, since large amounts of sugar are often added to the sour fruit during processing.

What can you do with sea buckthorn juice?

In particular, the unsweetened mother juice is ideal for the preparation of drinks as well as savory and sweet dishes, for example:

  • in mueslis and desserts
  • with ice cream or  yoghurt
  • for marinades
  • when baking
  • diluted with  mineral water  as a soft drink
  • as an ingredient in cocktails

Recipe: Sea buckthorn cake with almonds

If you would like to contribute something special to the cake buffet, this fruity and gluten-free cake is just the thing for you.

ingredients

For a cake you will need:

  • 200 grams of ground almonds
  • 50 grams of powdered sugar
  • 3 tablespoons brown sugar
  • 100 milliliters of sea buckthorn juice
  • 5 medium eggs
  • 1 pinch  of salt
  • 1 Bio-Orange
  • 2 tablespoons orange jelly
  • neutral oil for the springform pan

preparation

How to prepare the cake:

  1. Preheat the oven to 180°C (160°C for a fan oven). Line the bottom of the springform pan with parchment paper and grease the rim.
  2. Wash the orange with hot water and grate the zest with a grater. Mix the orange zest with the sugar and set aside.
  3. Squeeze the orange.
  4. Separate the eggs and beat the  egg whites  with the salt until stiff.
  5. Mix the egg yolks with the orange and sea buckthorn juice, add the beaten egg whites.
  6. Mix the almonds with the icing sugar, pour the mixture onto the egg whites and carefully fold in.
  7. Pour the batter into the mold and smooth it out.
  8. Bake the cake in the oven, on the middle shelf, about 30 minutes. Do a chopstick test to find out when the cake is ready.
  9. Meanwhile, heat the orange jelly in a small saucepan while stirring. Immediately after baking, brush the still hot cake with the orange jelly and sprinkle with the sugared orange zest.
  10. Allow the cake to cool on a wire rack before removing it from the mold.

Recipe: Sea buckthorn as an aperitif

An alternative use for sea buckthorn juice is this refreshing aperitif. It’s just right for hot summer days. The preparation is very simple:

Mix 40 milliliters of unsweetened juice with 100 milliliters of naturally cloudy apple juice in a large glass. Add 100 milliliters of (non-alcoholic) sparkling wine or Prosecco, fill the glass with ice cubes and decorate the aperitif with a sprig of rosemary or a few fresh sea buckthorn berries.

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