Skin spots in children – correctly recognize a rash

Skin spots in children - correctly recognize a rash

How do I recognize the disease from the rash?

Skin rash is called an exanthema in medical terms. If you look closely at the rash, you can see differences in its spread, scaling and pain – together with the accompanying circumstances such as fever, feeling sick or contact with other people with an infectious disease, the wide range of diseases with an exanthem can already be narrowed down by a specialist will.

  • A high fever usually accompanies the measles rash; it has large patches, starts behind the ears and then affects the whole body. It only occurs after a few days when the child is already ill with flu-like symptoms. When the exanthema fades, the upper layer of skin comes off with small scales.
  • With rubella, on the other hand, the child usually appears less ill; the rash starts on the face and is paler and has more minor spots.
  • The scarlet rash leaves the face; the child is seriously ill for about a day before a slight, very dense-looking rash appears, which can disappear again after a few hours in the case of milder courses.
  • In the case of chickenpox, after a short phase with a general feeling of illness, many itchy spots appear all over the body, which soon turn into small blisters. All stages of chickenpox often occur side by side; the blisters are infectious and burst quickly. In contrast, the three-day fever is a milder disease; the exanthema affects more of the body less of the face and disappears again quickly.
  • Ringworm disease is a scalloped rash that often starts on the face and then spreads across the body. It can persist for more than a week. Impetigo contagiosa (grindworm) is caused by bacteria that are also part of the normal skin flora. Locally encrusted blisters usually form in the mouth area and can fuse.
  • Herpes simplex and herpangina are viral diseases that primarily affect the lips and oral mucosa, leading to blisters. Allergies can lead to highly different exanthems. While in the case of contact allergies (e.g. to diaper material or clothing), redness often only occurs on the parts of the body that are in contact with the triggering allergen, the exanthema can occur on the entire body or face in the case of food intolerance. In addition to redness, blisters, small bumps, and scales also appear, and the accompanying itching often leads to secondary inflammation of the damaged skin.
  • Cradle cap (on the hairy scalp ) and neurodermatitis are often coupled with intolerances but can also occur without a tendency to allergies. The scaly, reddened skin is susceptible and in need of care.
  • The exanthema of psoriasis and neurodermatitis differ in their localization – while psoriasis foci often occur on the scalp and the extensor sides of the joints, neurodermatitis occurs more frequently in the flexor folds.
  • Porphyria and pemphigus are chronic blistering skin diseases that affect the entire body and require long-term therapy.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *