Skin spots in children – treatment and prevention

Skin spots in children - treatment and prevention

What can you do about the rash?

Viral infectious diseases such as measles, rubella, chickenpox, three-day fever or ringworm can only be treated symptomatically. In addition to fever-reducing measures and sufficient fluid intake, extensive isolation of the patient (e.g. no kindergarten or school attendance) is advisable so that the highly contagious disease is not transmitted to others. Bacterial diseases such as scarlet fever or impetigo contagiosa must be treated with antibiotics. Otherwise, late complications such as heart valve changes can occur with scarlet fever, and infections of the eyes or paranasal sinuses can occur with scab lichen.


Treat allergies, neurodermatitis & psoriasis.

In the case of allergies, avoidance of the triggering allergen is the primary therapy. Many allergic rashes appear in infancy when the first foods are supplemented. By adding just one new food to your child’s diet at a time, you can quickly identify intolerances and efficiently eliminate the offending food. Avoid contact with allergens, and your child’s skin will thank you.

In the case of neurodermatitis and psoriasis, your dermatologist will inform you about possible care measures; however, you may have to try different products until you find the care measures that suit your child’s skin. In addition, skin diseases such as neurodermatitis or psoriasis often react to specific triggers such as stress (illness, special events such as starting school, birthday), nutrition or exposure to the sun: dealing with these triggers sensitively helps to limit skin damage.

Porphyria and pemphigus diseases usually include local care measures and permanent systemic therapy with substances such as cortisone that inhibit the immune system.

Vaccination protects against viral infectious diseases.

 Effective vaccinations, especially against viral infectious diseases, are offered as part of preventive medical check-ups. The Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) recommends that children be vaccinated at least once before the age of 14 months against measles, mumps, rubella and chickenpox. Combining vaccines reduces the number of unpleasant procedures, and modern vaccines are usually well tolerated.

Although increasing vaccination fatigue has become noticeable in Germany in the last twenty years, the vaccination rates for diseases such as hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenza and whooping cough have increased in the last five years. Unfortunately, the increase in vaccination rates for measles has not yet led to a nationwide elimination of the measles virus – the vaccination rates are still below 80 per cent because the second vaccination is often missed.


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