Sweet clover: Uses, herbal medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

Sweet clover: Uses, herbal medicine, Synonyms, Effects, and Side Effects

The plant grows mainly along roadsides and is native to Europe, Asia and North Africa. Cultivation occurs worldwide; the drug material comes primarily on cultures in Eastern European countries.

Fresh or dried leaves and blossoming shoots of sweet Clover are used for medicinal purposes.

Sweet Clover: special characteristics

Sweet Clover is a biennial, upright, legume family up to 80 cm tall, with tripartite, serrated leaves. The small yellow flowers are arranged in numerous racemes.

In addition to Melilotus officinalis, the very similar Melilotus alba, Melilotus altissima and Melilotus indica are also used in herbal medicine.


Sweet Clover herb as medicine

The drug material includes leaf fragments with a sharply serrated edge, and some leaves are hairy on the underside along the leaf veins. Furthermore, there are longitudinally furrowed, hollow stem pieces, pale yellow butterfly flowers, and isolated mostly closed legumes with only one seed.

Sweet Clover exudes a sweet smell. The taste of the herb is bitter, salty and slightly spicy.

Sweet Clover – application

Sweet clover herb is suitable for internal and external use. Used internally, it relieves the symptoms associated with chronic diseases of the venous vascular system, such as a feeling of heaviness and pain in the legs, itching, swelling, redness and night cramps in the calves.

Sweet Clover for veins and lymph

Sweet clover herb can also be used to support the treatment of acute thrombosis and the associated inflammation of the superficial veins (thrombophlebitis), varicose veins, and the so-called postthrombotic syndrome. Postthrombotic syndrome describes the consequences of permanent damage to the deep vein system of the arm or leg after deep vein thrombosis.

Furthermore, the herb is also used as a support in treating acute haemorrhoid attacks and lymphatic congestion. Traditionally, the herb is used for “tired legs”.


External use of sweet clover herb

Externally, sweet clover herb treats superficial bruises, bruises, and sprains.

Folk medicinal use of sweet Clover

Sweet clover was used in folk medicine as early as the Middle Ages as a calming, pain-relieving, urinary and diaphoretic agent and for wound healing. Today the drug is used in folk medicine as a vein-strengthening and diuretic.


Sweet clover in homeopathy

In homeopathy, the fresh above-ground parts collected at the time of flowering, without the woody stems, are used for diseases of the central nervous system, coagulation disorders, varicose veins and headaches.

Ingredients of sweet clover

The most important effectiveness-determining ingredients in sweet clover include coumarin derivatives, which are present in the form of glycosides (for example melilotosid and melilotin), with a proportion of around 0.3%.

Furthermore, volatile coumarin, flavonoids and saponins of the melilotigenin and soya saogenol type occur. The anti-blood clotting substance dicumarol is produced when the plants are not sufficiently dried – it is missing in fresh and carefully dried plants.

Sweet clover: indication

Sweet clover can be used medicinally in the following cases:

  • Venous insufficiency, diseases of the venous vascular system
  • feeling of heaviness
  • Leg cramps
  • Varicose veins
  • Thrombophlebitis, Venenentzündung
  • post-thrombotic syndrome
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Lymphatic congestion
  • tired legs
  • Bruises
  • Bruises
  • Sprains

Sweet clover – dosage

Sweet clover herb is offered in the form of dry or liquid extracts in the group of vein and hemorrhoid therapeutics. The drug is available, for example, as a capsule and tonic, and also as an ointment and suppositories for rectal use. There are currently no tea preparations on the market.

The average daily dose of 3 to a maximum of 30 mg coumarin should not be exceeded.

Sweet clover: tea preparation

To make sweet clover tea, pour boiling water over 1-2 teaspoons of the finely chopped drug and strain it through a tea strainer after 5-10 minutes. For diseases of the venous system, 2-3 cups can be drunk daily.

It should be noted that making tea is no longer recommended today due to the side effects.


Sweet clover dressing

For hemorrhoids and ulcers, a poultice can also be made. To do this, moisten the herb with the same amount of hot water, wrap it in a gauze bag and place it on top.

Contraindications and special instructions

  • Sweet clover should only be taken by pregnant women or while breastfeeding after consulting a doctor.
  • It is possible to make your own tea from sweet clover, but it is not recommended due to the coumarin content varying from delivery to delivery. You should therefore resort to taking ready-made preparations with standardized coumarin content.
  • Sweet clover should be stored dry and protected from light.

Sweet clover – synonyms

German plant name: sweet clover

Deutsche Synonyme der Pflanze: True sweet Clover, common sweet Clover, yellow sweet Clover, small yellow sweet Clover, white sweet Clover, field honey clover, honey clover, common honey clover, bear clover, golden Clover, melilot clover, moth clover, pod clover

Latin plant name: Melilotus officinalis

Latin synonyms of the plant: Melilotus arvensis, Melilotus arvensis Wallr., Melilotus melilotus-officinalis, Trifolium melilotus officinalis, Trifolium officinale L., Melilotus officinalis (L.) PALL., Melilotus officinalis (L.) LAM.

German drug name: Steinkleekraut

German synonyms of the drug: Melilotus-officinalis-Kraut, Melotenkraut, Malottenkraut, Steinklee

Latin drug name: Look at the herbs

Latin synonyms of the drug: Melilotus herb, Melilotus lemon herb, Melilotus tops

English name: Melilot, Melilotus officinalis, Common Melilot, White Melilot, Yellow melilot, Corn Melilot, Ribbed Melilot, Sweet clover, Yellow Clover, Yellow sweet Clover, King’s Clover, Hay flower

Plant family Latin: Fabaceae

Plant family German: legumes


Sweet Clover – effect

Cumarin works against water retention in the tissue (oedema). Oedema can occur, among other things, when the vascular or lymphatic system is no longer wholly intact and fluid or lymph flows from the (lymph) vessels into the tissue. Coumarin has an anti-edematous effect by reducing the permeability of the plates and increasing the flow rate in the venous and lymphatic systems.

Animal experiments have also shown an increase in wound healing and anti-inflammatory effects.

Sweet Clover: side effects

In some animal species, coumarin has a liver-toxic effect. The previously suspected carcinogenic effect could be largely refuted. In rare cases, headaches can occur when taking sweet clover herb.

There are currently no known interactions with other agents.

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