Healing Hematomas: Effective Strategies for Treatment and Recovery

Healing Hematomas: Effective Strategies for Treatment and Recovery

A hematoma – a bruise or bruise  occurs when blood leaks from injured vessels into body tissue. Hematomas can occur in different places: in the eye, in the knee, in the head, and the uterus during pregnancy. Bruises in the head can be extremely dangerous and must be surgically removed from a specific size. On the other hand, you can treat harmless hematomas yourself with an ice pack and a heparin ointment.

Causes of Hematoma

Hematomas are usually caused by external violence, such as a fall, a bump or a blow. A bruise can occur, for example, during sports or as a result of an injury in everyday life. A hematoma can also result from a blood test or an operation. Taking blood-thinning drugs such as acetylsalicylic acid can increase the risk of developing a hematoma.

People who have haemophilia are particularly susceptible to hematomas. Because blood coagulation is disturbed, even the slightest trigger can lead to large-scale hematomas. Bruising also occurs more frequently with increasing age since the walls of the capillaries become thinner, and the vessels can, therefore, rupture more quickly. In addition, as we age, the skin becomes thinner, and our blood vessels are less able to protect themselves from injury.

If you start to bruise for no apparent reason, you should immediately see a doctor to rule out a severe cause.

 

Typical symptoms of a bruise

Hematomas can vary in pain and swelling depending on the severity of the injury. Typical of hematomas that are directly under the skin is the dark red-blue hue that they take on over time. How quickly the symptoms become noticeable depends on the injury’s location and size.

The external symptoms are usually only weak if the bleeding is deep in the tissue. Swelling and discolouration of the skin then occur only rarely. If there is discolouration, this usually only develops after a few days. However, such a hematoma is still painful because it compresses the surrounding layers of tissue. The spread of the hematoma can lead to functional disorders of muscles or joints.

Treat a hematoma

Cool the affected area as soon as possible if you bump into something at home or fall while playing sports. This relieves the pain and reduces the leakage of blood into the tissue as the blood vessels constrict due to the cold. This can prevent the bruise from spreading too much. Elevate the affected area, reducing blood flow to the injured tissue.

Later, rub the affected area with a heparin ointment. The active ingredient heparin promotes the dissolution of blood clots. Ointments with arnica are also recommended, as they are pain-relieving and decongestant. Depending on the severity of the injury, it usually takes one to three weeks for the bruise to heal completely.

 

Treating a hematoma with home remedies

More minor bruises can also be treated well with home remedies:

  • Add three tablespoons of arnica essence to the bath water in a warm bath.
  • Wrap the affected area with a cloth soaked in acetic clay.
  • Rub the bruise with rubbing alcohol.
  • Put 250 grams of low-fat quark on a cloth and wrap it around the painful area.
  • Boil a kilo of potatoes until soft, then mash them into a pulp. Put the pulp on a linen cloth and place it on the bruise.

Hematoma – when to see a doctor?

If the hematoma is vast or is near a joint, surgical removal or placement of a drain may be necessary. Surgical intervention is unavoidable if a bruise exerts pressure on adjacent structures, as with the compartment syndrome. If such a hematoma is not treated, the reduced blood flow can lead to tissue death. If there is a suspicion that a hematoma has formed in the head, a doctor should always be consulted.

A doctor should always examine very large hematomas and bruises that spread quickly. Then, a larger blood vessel may be damaged. If such an injury is not treated in time, the high blood loss can lead to life-threatening shock. The doctor can determine the location and size of the hematoma with an ultrasound examination or computed tomography.

In addition, a doctor’s visit is also advisable if a hematoma is accompanied by severe or persistent pain. The doctor can then rule out further injuries, such as fractures or infections. To rule out an injury to the bone, the doctor will usually carry out an X-ray examination.

 

 

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