Understanding Ulcerative Colitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Approaches

Understanding Ulcerative Colitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Approaches

What most people prefer not to think about is a central factor in the life of ulcerative colitis patients: bowel movements. This is limited by a chronic inflammatory process, which leads to numerous unpleasant and sometimes dangerous symptoms. Like Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis is classified as a chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

Colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

Both clinical pictures are expressed through similar symptoms but differ in which sections of the intestine and tissue layers are affected, as well as in their prognosis. About ten out of 100,000 inhabitants in Germany contract one of the two diseases yearly. It mainly affects people in their third and seventh decades of life. Although chronic inflammatory bowel diseases occur worldwide, they are more common in Western industrialized nations.

An adapted diet for ulcerative colitis is essential for the course and life of this chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).


Ulcerative colitis: symptoms and signs

Ulcerative colitis (ulcerative colitis) is characterized by a relapsing or constant inflammatory process in the mucous membrane of the large intestine (colitis), which usually begins in the rectum and gradually spreads to the entire large intestine in up to 20 per cent of those affected. In contrast to Crohn’s disease, the gastrointestinal tract’s remaining parts are unaffected. The inflammatory changes, abscesses, bleeding and ulcers ( ulcers ) are limited to the surface of the mucous membrane, which changes over time due to the constant stimulus and can no longer perform its function correctly.

Ulcerative colitis: causes and triggers

The causes still need to be sufficiently known. It is assumed that immune system disorders lead to pathological interactions with the intestinal mucosa and, thus, to inflammatory stimuli. The familial accumulation suggests a hereditary component. Infections are also discussed as triggers. While smoking increases the risk of developing Crohn’s disease, Ulcerative colitis is less common in smokers.


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