Vaccination progress in Germany: when will Corona be over?

When will Corona finally be over? Many people long for the end of the pandemic. In addition to complying with protective measures, vaccination against COVID-19 is one of the most important components of fighting the pandemic: the more people are immune to the corona virus, the more difficult it is for it to spread. If the vaccination rate is high enough, it also protects those who cannot or do not want to be vaccinated. But how fast are vaccinations progressing? Here you will find current figures on vaccination progress in Germany and find out what this means for a possible end to the corona pandemic.

Vaccination progress in Germany

Our vaccination progress overview shows how far the vaccinations in Germany have progressed.

According to scientific findings, an important goal could be achieved when 85 percent of the population is immune. According to forecasts, if the virus does not continue to change through mutations, the incidence could remain at a low level and the pandemic could become more manageable. In the best-case scenario, so-called herd immunity could result from a high level of immunity in the population: infections with SARS-CoV-2 would then occur much less frequently and the risk of infection would also be reduced for the unvaccinated.

Here you can see how high the vaccination rate is in Germany on a daily basis – broken down by first vaccination, second vaccination and third vaccination.

Will herd immunity end the corona pandemic?

It is important to know that when the immunity rate in Germany reaches 85 percent, the pandemic does not automatically end immediately. In any case, it can be said that the more people are vaccinated, the closer the long-awaited end of the pandemic gets.

However, it is currently not possible to predict exactly when the corona pandemic will end, as this depends on various aspects. The following factors, among others, influence whether and how quickly herd immunity can be achieved and when the pandemic could be over:

  1. How quickly the vaccinations progress also depends on the  availability of the vaccines  . The vaccination campaign can come to a standstill at times, for example if there are delays in delivery, but it can also move faster if more vaccines are delivered.
  2. Achieving an 85 percent immunity rate depends not only on the vaccinated people, but  also on those who have recovered. However, since their immunity decreases over time, a booster vaccination is also recommended for those who have recovered.
  3. The immunity rate at which herd immunity is achieved depends on how contagious a virus is. New mutations could change the number of reproductions and thus the  required immunity rate.  This is also the reason why the number was initially given by scientists as 60 to 70 percent and later corrected upwards. Studies indicate that the required immunity rate must be set even higher, possibly at around 90 percent, especially with the delta and omicron variants. It is also controversial whether herd immunity can be achieved at all.
  4. Mutations could also contribute to the fact that immunity that has already been built up through a survived infection no longer protects and people who thought they were already immune could become infected  again.  Virus mutations can also reduce the effectiveness of vaccines.
  5. It is still unclear  how long the immunity lasts  and when or how often the protection needs to be refreshed by (re)vaccinating. It is already apparent that booster vaccinations are necessary to maintain vaccination protection.
  6. Vaccinations do  not offer 100% protection.  Even if severe COVID-19 courses can be prevented with a high degree of probability, infections are generally possible despite vaccination.
  7. In addition, vaccinated people can also  infect others  .
  8. A high vaccination rate can only be achieved  if enough people are vaccinated.  However, not everyone can be vaccinated. For example, smaller children or people with compromised immune systems cannot currently be vaccinated. To compensate, even more healthy adults have to be vaccinated.
  9. A pandemic is a  global problem.  The actual end of the corona pandemic is therefore only possible when SARS-CoV-2 has been contained worldwide.

Even if these factors make it difficult to calculate the exact end of the pandemic, vaccinations help to protect yourself and others from infection with the corona virus. The highest possible number of vaccinations therefore helps to reduce severe courses and deaths and is therefore an important step towards the end of the pandemic.

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