What are polyps, adenomas and carcinomas?

The intestine is a tubular duct that is part of the digestive system and connects the stomach to the anus. It consists of three sections, the small intestine, the large intestine and the final part, the rectum. The human small intestine is about 4 to 5 meters long, the large intestine about 1.5 meters and the rectum 20 centimeters. Everyone knows how important the gut is, but many believe that as long as it doesn’t move too much, it’s healthy. He has become a problem child in today’s affluent society, and many illnesses would take an easier course with proper prevention and treatment.

Nobody talks about colon cancer…

Various options for examining the intestines, such as  colonoscopy  or ultrasound, offer the doctor a good insight into the digestive tube. Polyps , adenomas or carcinomas can be manifested in this way. But what exactly does that mean? Polyp  Initially benign, often fungal-looking mucosal growths commonly found in the large intestine. The polyp bulges into the intestinal lumen and can become cancerous. Adenoma  Also a benign tumor of glandular tissue that can also become malignant. carcinoma Malignant tumor that can result from polyps and adenomas. Both polyps and adenomas are called “benign tumors”. Since the presence of one or the other causes no symptoms in 60 percent of those affected, they often go undetected. Mucus secretions,  diarrhea  or bleeding rarely occur. There is a high risk that these will develop into carcinoma, i.e. into a malignant tumour. The risk of cancer can only be reduced by early detection and complete removal.

Factors that promote the formation of polyps

The occurrence of polyps and colon cancer is observed more frequently in western industrialized countries. Reasons for this can be:

  • Low consumption of fruits and  vegetables
  • Regular nicotine consumption
  • Regular alcohol consumption
  • genetic predisposition

The incidence of colon cancer doubled between the years 1960 and 1980! In Germany, 30,000 people die every year from this form of cancer. This makes it the second most common  cause of death due to tumours ! Frightening numbers and – in the absence of precautions – frightening consequences!


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