What are purines?

Purines are substances in food. They are part of every cell and necessary for the genetic material and the construction of new cells. When the purines in food are broken down, uric acid is formed. In some people, this cannot be excreted in sufficient quantities. This results in an excessively high level of uric acid in the blood, which can lead to deposits in the joints and thus to  gout  .

Limiting purine intake

As a result of gout, kidney function disorders or kidney stones can also occur. Therefore, the daily purine intake should be reduced to 500 milligrams. In order to achieve this value, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of meat, fish and sausages to a maximum of 3 times a week. The recommended portion size of a maximum of 100 grams of meat or poultry or 50 grams of sausage should be adhered to.

Foods high in purines

The following foods are high in purine and should therefore only be consumed in moderation:

  • meat
  • poultry
  • Wild
  • Offal
  • Wurst
  • Fisch
  • Soy products
  • legumes
  • skin of fish and poultry
  • crust of meat
  • Smoked fish and meat products
  • shellfish and crustaceans
  • Cabbage, Brussels sprouts,  spinach , asparagus

Foods low in purines

The following foods are low in purine:

  • all other vegetables
  • Owner
  • milk  and milk products
  • grain and grain products


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